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Monograph 6 – Australia's international road safety performance 1998

Summary

This monograph compares Australia's roadsafety performance to its OECD counterparts.The comparisons are drawn taking into account the level of motorisation and population of the countries reported. The results highlight the substantial gains made in road safety both in Australia and many other countries from 1975 to 1998. Full details of these comparisons are reported in Benchmarking Road Safety – The 1998 Report.

Fatalities per 10 000 registered vehicles

The number of deaths for every 10 000 registered vehicles is a method of comparing road fatalities taking into account the level of motorisation.

Road fatalities relative to vehicle ownership have declined significantly in Australia since 1975.

In 1975, there were 5.8 deaths per 10 000 registered vehicles in Australia, in 1998 this had decreased to 1.5

The median rate for the OECD nations reported has also declined. In 1975, the OECD median was 7.2, by 1998 it was 2.0

For the years reported, Australia’s rate ofdeath per 10 000 registered vehicles is below that reported for the OECD median.

Fatalities per 10 000 registered vehicles - OECD nations

Country
1975
1980
1985
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
Australia
5.8
4.3
3.2
3.0
2.9
2.3
2.1
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.7
1.5
1.5
Austria
11.6
7.2
4.8
4.7
4.4
4.2
4.1
3.6
3.1
3.1
2.7
2.3
2.4
2.0
Belgium
7.5
6.4
4.5
4.6
4.5
4.3
4.0
3.5
3.4
3.4
2.8
2.6
2.6
2.8
Canada
5.3
4.0
3.0
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.1
2.2
1.9
2.0
1.8
1.7
1.6
Czech Republic
-
4.8
3.4
3.1
3.5
4.0
4.0
4.5
4.4
4.5
4.1
3.9
3.7
3.0
Denmark
5.0
3.7
4.1
3.5
3.2
3.1
2.9
2.8
2.7
2.6
2.7
2.3
2.2
2.1
Finland
7.2
4.0
3.1
3.3
3.5
2.9
2.8
2.6
2.1
2.2
2.0
1.8
1.9
1.7
France
8.1
6.3
4.6
4.5
4.4
4.2
3.9
3.6
3.4
3.2
3.1
3.0
2.9
-
Germany
7.2
4.9
2.9
2.5
2.5
2.6
2.6
2.4
2.2
2.1
2.0
1.8
1.7
1.6
Greece
17.0
10.6
9.9
7.4
7.8
7.4
7.3
-
6.8
6.7
6.7
5.4
5.4
5.1
Hungary
12.6
9.0
9.0
7.4
8.8
11.2
8.8
8.5
6.7
6.1
6.0
5.0
5.0
5.1
Iceland
-
2.8
2.1
2.2
2.0
1.7
2.0
1.5
1.3
0.9
1.8
0.7
1.0
1.7
Ireland
8.6
6.2
4.5
4.7
4.5
4.5
4.0
3.7
3.7
3.4
3.5
3.4
3.3
3.0
Italy
6.0
4.7
3.1
2.6
2.3
2.3
2.5
2.4
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.7
Japan
4.3
2.7
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.2
2.2
1.9
1.8
1.8
1.6
1.5
1.4
Korea
238.8
95.4
54.5
52.5
47.6
36.8
32.3
23.0
17.1
14.1
12.5
13.5
11.1
8.0
Luxemburg
11.7
6.4
4.0
4.0
3.2
3.3
3.6
3.1
3.1
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.1
1.9
Netherlands
6.3
4.3
2.8
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.7
1.7
1.5
New Zealand
4.3
3.5
3.9
3.6
3.6
3.3
2.9
2.9
2.7
2.5
2.5
2.2
2.3
2.2
Norway
-
2.4
2.2
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.3
1.2
1.3
1.1
1.3
1.4
Poland
14.4
10.9
6.6
-
-
8.1
8.0
6.8
6.1
6.2
6.2
5.4
5.9
5.6
Portugal
26.1
15.2
9.2
10.0
8.6
7.7
7.6
6.7
5.4
4.7
4.8
4.5
3.9
3.1
Spain
9.0
6.4
5.4
5.9
6.3
5.8
5.3
4.5
3.6
3.1
3.1
2.8
2.8
2.8
Sweden
3.8
2.5
2.2
2.0
2.2
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.4
1.3
1.2
1.2
1.2
Switzerland
5.8
4.5
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.4
2.1
2.1
1.8
1.7
1.7
1.5
1.4
1.4
Turkey
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8.7
7.7
UK
3.9
3.4
2.5
2.2
2.3
2.2
1.9
1.8
1.6
1.5
1.5
1.4
1.4
1.3
USA
3.2
3.2
2.6
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.0
OECD median
7.2
4.7
3.4
3.2
3.2
3.1
2.9
2.7
2.7
2.5
2.5
2.2
2.1
2.0

In 1998, Australia recorded 1.5 deaths per 10 000 registered vehicles. Australia ranked equal 6th of the 27 OECD nations for which this information was available.

Sweden had the lowest rate recording 1.2 deaths per 10 000 registered vehicles.

Korea, with 8.0 deaths per 10 000 registered vehicles, had the highest rate of the OECD nations.

Fatalities per 10 000 registered vehicles, 1998

Fatalities per 100 000 population

The number of deaths for every 100 000 of population is a measure of the public health risk associated with road use.

The public health risk associated with road use has declined significantly in Australia since 1975.

In 1975 there were 26.6 deaths per 100 000 population in Australia, in 1998 this had decreased to 9.4.

Fatalities per 10 000 population - OECD nations

Country
1975 1980 1985 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Australia
26.6 22.3 18.6 17.4 16.7 13.7 12.2 11.3 11.1 10.8 11.2 10.8 9.5 9.4
Austria
33.4 26.5 20.1 21.3 20.6 20.3 20.0 17.8 16.1 16.7 15.1 12.8 13.7 11.9
Belgium
24.0 24.3 18.3 19.9 20.1 19.9 18.8 16.7 16.5 16.8 14.3 13.4 13.4 14.7
Canada
26.7 22.7 17.3 16.0 16.2 14.9 13.7 12.3 12.6 11.2 11.4 10.4 10.2 9.7
Czech Republic
16.3 12.2 9.6 9.2 10.4 12.5 12.8 14.9 14.8 15.8 15.4 15.2 15.5 13.2
Denmark
16.4 13.5 15.1 13.9 13.1 12.3 11.8 11.2 10.8 10.5 11.2 9.8 9.3 9.4
Finland
19.4 11.5 11.1 13.2 14.8 13.0 12.6 12.0 9.6 9.5 8.6 7.9 8.5 7.8
France
27.3 25.4 20.7 20.6 20.5 19.9 18.5 17.3 16.6 15.6 15.3 14.7 14.4 15.1
Germany
22.0 19.3 13.0 12.7 12.5 14.0 14.2 13.2 12.3 12.1 11.6 10.7 10.4 9.5
Greece
13.8 15.0 20.2 17.8 19.9 20.2 20.6 20.9 20.8 21.6 23.1 19.6 20.9 -
Hungary
16.0 15.2 16.5 16.1 20.4 23.4 20.5 20.3 16.3 15.2 15.5 13.4 13.7 13.5
Iceland
- 11.0 10.0 11.7 11.1 9.4 10.5 8.1 6.4 4.5 9.0 3.7 5.5 9.8
Ireland
18.4 16.6 11.6 13.1 13.1 13.6 12.6 11.7 12.1 11.4 12.1 12.4 12.8 12.4
Italy
18.6 16.4 13.5 13.1 12.0 12.4 14.0 14.1 12.6 12.4 12.3 11.7 11.7 11.0
Japan
12.5 9.7 9.9 11.0 11.7 11.8 11.6 12.0 10.6 10.2 10.1 9.3 8.9 8.5
Korea
12.6 17.2 21.4 32.0 34.5 33.4 36.0 31.0 27.4 26.3 26.6 32.3 29.3 22.6
Luxemburg
- 27.0 21.6 22.6 17.9 18.5 20.8 18.7 19.2 16.5 17.0 17.2 14.4 13.4
Netherlands
17.1 14.2 9.9 9.3 9.8 9.2 8.5 8.5 8.2 8.5 8.6 7.6 7.5 6.8
New Zealand
20.3 18.9 22.7 21.7 22.7 21.5 19.0 18.8 17.2 16.5 16.2 14.1 14.4 13.3
Norway
13.5 8.9 9.7 9.0 9.0 7.8 7.6 7.6 6.5 6.5 7.0 5.8 6.9 8.0
Poland
16.5 16.8 12.6 - - 19.2 20.6 18.1 16.5 17.5 17.9 16.5 18.9 18.3
Portugal
39.5 31.5 25.2 33.7 31.5 32.2 34.4 32.9 28.7 26.6 28.8 28.9 26.7 22.4
Spain
16.6 17.6 16.6 21.3 24.1 23.2 22.7 20.1 16.3 14.4 14.7 14.0 14.3 15.1
Sweden
14.3 10.2 9.7 9.7 10.7 9.1 8.7 8.8 7.3 6.7 6.5 6.1 6.1 6.0
Switzerland
19.0 19.2 13.6 14.0 13.6 13.9 12.4 12.2 10.5 9.7 9.9 8.7 8.3 8.4
Turkey
- - 14.3 17.3 15.2 14.8 14.4 14.1 14.3 - - - 10.6 10.1
UK
11.9 11.1 9.4 9.2 9.7 9.4 8.2 7.5 6.8 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.3 6.0
USA
20.7 22.5 18.4 19.2 18.5 17.9 16.4 15.4 15.6 15.6 15.9 15.9 15.7 15.3
OECD median
18.4 16.8 14.7 16.0 15.2 14.4 14.1 14.1 13.5 12.4 12.3 12.4 12.2 11.0

The median rate for the OECD nations reported has also declined. In 1975, the OECD median was 18.4, by 1998 it was 11.0.

In 1998, Australia recorded 9.4 road deaths per 100 000 population. Australia ranked equal 8th of the 27 OECD nations for which this information was available.

Sweden had the lowest rate, recording 6.0 deaths per 100 000 population.

Korea, with 22.6 deaths per 100 000 population, had the highest rate of the OECD nations.

Fatalities per 100 000 population, 1998

Key points

Compared to other OECD nations, Australia ranked:

  • 6th in terms of fatalities per 10 000 registered vehicles; and
  • 8th in terms of fatalities per 100 000 population.

Sweden was the safest nation in terms of fatalities per 10 000 registered vehicles, and per 100 000 population.

Data Sources

Figures provided for all OECD nations, with the exception of Australia, were derived from the International Road Traffic and Accident Database (IRTAD).

Sources for Australian figures are provided below.

1975, 1980, 1985-1997

Fatalities per 100 000 population and per 10 000 registered vehicles were taken from the FORS publication Road Fatalities Australia 1998 Statistical Summary.

1998

Fatalities per 100 000 population were calculated using the latest population and fatality figures.

Type: Research and Analysis Report
Sub Type: ATSB Monograph
Topics: Int comparisons
Publication Date: 01/08/00

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Last Updated: 6 May, 2013