Section 3 : Outcomes
This section explains how the resources identified in Section 2 will be used to deliver outputs and administered items to contribute to the one outcome for AMSA.
OUTCOMES AND OUTPUTS GROUPS
AMSA works to achieve the Portfolio Outcome 1: Fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system.
AMSA has established two intermediate outcomes reflecting the benefit that AMSA seeks to achieve for the Australian community that contribute directly to the achievement of the portfolio's broader outcome:
- minimising the risk of shipping incidents and pollution in Australian waters
- maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents.
The following section provides an agency overview, and then each outcome is discussed in turn. The map on the following page shows the relationship between AMSA's two intermediate outcomes and the Portfolio Outcome 1 and AMSA's five outputs, which represent the external services produced by AMSA consistent with its intermediate outcomes.
OUTPUT COST ATTRIBUTION
AMSA operates a time management system, which provides an integrated approach to the identification of output costs and the internal transfer pricing arrangements between its internal business units.
It provides a framework and a standard corporate activity listing of outputs (services, activities and tasks) undertaken across AMSA that are linked to AMSA's core business processes and performance outcomes.
It tracks both staff time and costs spent on a range of services (outputs) and provides the aggregate costing and resource allocation information for these services (outputs). It also tracks staff time and cost of work undertaken by one Business Unit on behalf of another, through the internal transfer pricing mechanism.
CHANGES TO OUTCOMES AND OUTPUTS
There have been no major changes to AMSA's Outcome and Output structure from the 2006-07 PBS.
Figure 3.1: Outcomes and output groups
(click on the image to view the larger version)
TRENDS IN RESOURCING ACROSS AMSA INTERMEDIATE OUTCOMES
Chart 3.1: Trends in appropriation for all AMSA Intermediate Outcomes ($ millions)
(click on the image to view the larger version)
The higher level of resources allocated to AMSA Outcome 1, Ship Operations, Safety and Marine Environment Protection Program, in the 2007-08 Budget arise from AMSA's role in the NMERA. AMSA's new functions under the NMERA include contracting emergency towage capacity in strategic locations around the Australian coast and establishing management arrangements to regulate, monitor and coordinate emergency response arrangements if there is a significant pollution risk in relation to a ship in Australia's waters and around the Australian coast. The NMERA arrangements are discussed in more detail in Section 5.1: Analysis of Budgeted Financial Statements.
The trend in resources allocated to AMSA Outcome 2, Search and Rescue Program, since 2006-07 arises from the ongoing measures announced in the 2004-05 and 2005-06 Budgets to strengthen AMSA's search and rescue capability. These are discussed in more detail in Section 5.1: Analysis of Budgeted Financial Statements.
AMSA INTERMEDIATE OUTCOME 1 - DESCRIPTION
Minimising the Risk of Shipping Incidents and Pollution in Australian Waters
The Portfolio Outcome of fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system encompasses the promotion of high standards of ship safety and marine environment protection in Australian waters. As shipping is an international industry, a range of international treaties determines its standards of safety and environment protection, principally promulgated by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). AMSA contributes to the development of relevant international standards and to measures that encourage their implementation and enforcement by all flag States.
AMSA seeks to enhance the responsiveness and capability of the national regulatory framework to deal with contemporary ship safety and pollution prevention issues. It contributes to Australia's adoption and implementation of IMO ship safety and environment conventions and seeks the expeditious adoption of new and revised international standards into Australian law using a performance and outcomes based regulatory approach, where appropriate. The adoption of a safety culture is actively promoted in the maritime industry.
AMSA is a member of the Australian Maritime Group and National Marine Safety Committee (NMSC). It supports the NMSC's promotion of consistent national maritime standards to facilitate the movement of vessels and personnel between State, Territory and Federal jurisdictions and to improve safety of commercial and recreational vessels.
AMSA continues to refine its ship inspection risk management strategies to target higher risk ships visiting Australian ports and is adopting from 1 July 2007 ship inspection allocation based entirely on its proven risk assessment methodology. AMSA's Focused and Concentrated Inspection Campaigns target specific ship safety and operational issues. Active participation in regional forums aims to strengthen cooperation in ship inspection and data exchange to combat substandard ships in the region. AMSA continues to administer seafarer qualifications in line with the standards of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping (STCW) and seeks to facilitate State/Territory harmonisation of certification standards with the STCW. AMSA continues to strengthen coastal pilotage safety regulation and to extend the system of pilotage in the Great Barrier Reef to the Torres Strait to enhance navigation safety in this sensitive region.
AMSA manages the National Plan to Combat Pollution of the Sea by Oil and Other Noxious and Hazardous Substances and the emergency response capability consistent with the Australian Government's NMERA. This involves managing contracts with service providers for emergency response vessels at strategic locations around the Australian coast and regulating, monitoring and coordinating emergency response as the national decision maker if there is a significant pollution risk in relation to any ship in Australia's waters and around Australia's coast.
AMSA provides navigational safety services in keeping with Australia's international obligations. AMSA maintains the national aids to navigation network in line with its five year Navigation Safety Strategic Plan for Marine Aids to Navigation. This includes effective management of the contract for maintenance services by an external provider. AMSA promotes E-navigation for better integration of shipboard electronic navigation equipment and improved data delivery to support mariners' navigation decision-making.
AMSA is working on improving Automatic Identification Systems and using the Long Range Identification and Tracking of Ships to improve marine domain awareness and marine safety and environment protection capability. AMSA manages historic lighthouse properties in its network consistent with the Commonwealth Heritage Management Principles.
AMSA INTERMEDIATE OUTCOME 2 - DESCRIPTION
Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents
The Portfolio Outcome of fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system encompasses the provision of effective search and rescue coordination services over the internationally agreed Australian search and rescue region and maintaining safety communications services primarily for commercial shipping, in accordance with international treaties.
AMSA provides a 24-hour Australian Rescue Coordination Centre in its Emergency Response Centre (ERC) servicing the Australian search and rescue region of almost 53 million square kilometres. The ERC utilises advanced systems and communications technology to promote coordination with other agencies.
AMSA manages contracts for its fleet of five dedicated search and rescue aircraft based at strategic locations (Darwin, Perth, Cairns, Melbourne and Brisbane) around Australia and seeks to facilitate their use by other government agencies. Training and specialised equipment are provided to contracted general aviation operators designated as search and rescue units to provide search and rescue services under AMSA's coordination. AMSA continues to work with State/Territory police under the Inter-Governmental Agreement on National Search and Rescue Response Arrangements to strengthen operational protocols and cooperation, as well as sharing strategic information in particular search and rescue incidents.
The ERC facilitates the multi-disciplinary management of maritime incidents including coordination of the search and rescue operation, monitoring operational standards of any emergency towage and/or salvage operation, and planning and responding to any real or threatened ship-sourced pollution of the marine environment.
AMSA also provides a distress and safety communications network that meets the requirements of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System under the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention, which can be used by suitably equipped non-SOLAS vessels (ie vessels less than 300 gross tonnes). This involves management of the provision of these services by an external provider.
AMSA provides vessel-tracking services, including administering the Australian ship reporting system, AUSREP, and is working on the utilisation of non-ship based Automatic Identification Systems and Long Range Identification and Tracking of ships for the purposes of safety, search and rescue and emergency response.
Two ground stations and a Mission Control Centre are provided by AMSA for the Cospas-Sarsat satellite distress beacon detection system. The cessation of satellite processing of 121.5 MHz distress beacon alerts from 2009 is the focus of AMSA's public education program to promote the benefits of upgrading to the superior 406 MHz distress beacon. Public awareness of boating and aviation safety and greater responsibility for personal safety is being promoted in AMSA's promotion of maritime and aviation educational campaigns.
OUTCOME 1 RESOURCING
Table 3.1 below details the total resources for AMSA to contribute to the achievement of Portfolio Outcome 1 in 2007-08, including administered expenses, revenue from government (appropriation), revenue from other sources, and the total price of outputs.
PERFORMANCE INFORMATION FOR OUTCOME 1
Portfolio Outcome 1 - contribution of AMSA outputs
AMSA Intermediate Outcome 1, Minimising the risk of shipping incidents and pollution in Australian waters, involves contributions from the following four outputs that comprise AMSA's Output Group 1: Ship Operations, Safety and Marine Environment Protection Program:
Output 1.1: Safety and environment protection standards for responsible operation
Output 1.2: Infrastructure for monitoring compliance with safety and environment protection standards
Output 1.3: A capability to prevent and respond to marine pollution risks
Output 1.4: Systems that aid safe marine navigation.
AMSA Intermediate Outcome 2, Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents, involves contributions from the following output that comprises AMSA's Output Group 2: Search and Rescue Program:
Output 2.1: A capability to detect, locate and rescue persons in maritime and aviation distress situations.
Performance information for AMSA Intermediate Outcomes 1 and 2
AMSA Intermediate Outcome 1: Minimising the risk of shipping incidents and pollution in Australian waters
In assessing the effectiveness of AMSA's overall performance in the achievement of its first intermediate outcome, AMSA seeks to reduce over time the ratio of reports to AMSA under the Navigation Act 1912 and the Protection of the Sea (Prevention of Pollution from Ships) 1983 of serious pollution incidents and significant ship operational incidents compared to the total number of ship port visits to Australia and the average number of deficiencies per ship inspection. The targets for each type of measure for 2007-08 are as follows:
|(a) Pollution incidents:||0.7%|
|(b) Ship inspection deficiencies:||2.3 average per inspection|
|(c) Ship operation incidents:||0.2%|
AMSA Intermediate Outcome 2: Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents
In assessing the effectiveness of AMSA's overall performance in the achievement of its second outcome, AMSA seeks to increase over time the percentage of saved lives as a proportion of lives at risk. A person is defined as being at risk if the person has a chance of surviving the initial incident. The target is 100%.
|Portfolio Outcome: Fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system|
|Intermediate Outcome 1: Minimising the risk of shipping incidents and pollution in Australian waters|
|Output Group 1: Ship Operations, Safety and Marine Environment Protection Program|
|Output 1.1: Safety and environment protection standards for responsible operation of ships: AMSA's provision of a regulatory framework of safety and environment protection standards for Australia consistent with international treaties and contemporary safety management systems.|
|Sub-Output 1.1.1: Provision of Australia's national shipping regulatory framework.|
|Currency and relevance of the Australian regulatory framework
Proportion of accepted recommendations actioned from audit/incident investigation of Australian flagged vessels (Quality)
Cost to provide the regulatory framework (Price)
|All relevant international standards implemented
100% of recommendations actioned in an appropriate manner and timeframe
2007-08 estimates: $1.4 million
|Sub-Output 1.1.2: Promotion of a safety culture in the maritime industry.|
|Improvement in the standard of foreign flag ships operating in Australian
Cost of promoting a safety culture in the maritime industry (Price)
|Declining trend in average number of deficiencies per inspection
2007-08 estimates: $1.3 million
|Sub-Output 1.1.3: Participation and influence in international and regional maritime forums and partnerships.|
|Proportion of issues of significant to Australia identified and actively
pursued to influence outcomes (Quality)
Cost of participation in international and regional maritime forums and partnership meetings (Price)
2007-08 estimates: $5.1 million
|Output 1.2: Monitoring compliance with safety and environment protection standards: AMSA's monitoring of compliance with international standards by conducting inspections of ships, cargoes and cargo handling equipment in Australian ports, oversighting ship operations in Australian waters, including coastal pilotage in the Torres Strait and Great Barrier Reef, and issuing certificates of competency to seafarers.|
|Sub-Output 1.2.1: Improve compliance with standards covering ship condition, operation and handling of cargoes.|
|Inspection rate of risk assessed eligible ships under the port State control
program covering all ships and single visit ships (Quality)
[The changed target ship inspection rates reflect AMSA's adoption from 1 July 2007 of a ship inspection allocation based only on risk assessment methodology where a priority is allocated to each ship based on the level of risk assessed from specific safety factors.]
AMSA allocation of priority to high risk ships when eligible for inspection
Improvement in the standard of foreign flag ships operating in Australian waters (Quality)
Extent of industry compliance (Quality)
Number of Port State Control inspections (Quantity)
Number of Flag State Control inspections (Quantity)
Average cost of undertaking port and flag State control inspections (Price)
Cost of providing a compliance monitoring infrastructure and industry awareness of compliance matters (Price)
|Single-hull tankers 100%
Priority One ships 80%
Priority Two ships 60%
Priority Three ships 40%
Priority Four 20%
90% of inspections of ships in the Priority One risk group within first two port visits after the ship becomes eligible
Declining trend in average deficiencies per inspection
Declining trend in average number of non-conformances per ISM audit
PSC inspections in 2007 estimate: 2,800
FSC inspections in 2007 estimate: 95
Port State inspections: 2007-08 estimates: $650/inspection
Flag state inspections 2007-08 estimates: $450/inspection
2007-08 estimates: $14.1 million
|Output 1.2: Monitoring of compliance with safety and environment protection standards: AMSA's monitoring of compliance with international standards by conducting inspections of ships, cargoes and cargo handling equipment in Australian ports, oversighting ship operations in Australian waters, including coastal pilotage in the Torres Strait and Great Barrier Reef, and issuing of certificates of competency to seafarers.|
|Sub-Output 1.2.2: Maintenance of a high standard of seafarers’ qualifications.|
|IMO endorsement of seafarer qualifications system as being compliant with
international standards (Quality)
Number of certificates issued (Quantity)
Person hours spent (Quantity)
Cost of maintaining marine qualifications and certification system (Price)
|Maintain Australia's inclusion on IMO "White List" of STCW95 compliant
administrations and Australia's involvement in IMO assessments of flag administrations'
"White List" status
2007-08 estimates: 1,000 certifications, 450 oral examinations
2007-08 estimates: 19,000 hours
2007-08 estimates: $1.5 million
|Output 1.3: Marine pollution risk response: AMSA's management of the National Plan to Combat Pollution of the Sea by Oil and Other Noxious and Hazardous Substances, including provision of oil and chemical spill preparedness and response capabilities in consultation with State/ Northern Territory Governments, ports, shipping, oil, exploration and chemical industries and emergency services. AMSA's provision of emergency response capability consistent with the National Maritime Emergency Response Arrangements and regulates, monitors and coordinates emergency response as national decision maker when there is a significant pollution risk in relation to any ship in Australian waters and around Australia's coast.|
|Sub-Output 1.3.1: Provision of a level of pollution response capability consistent with National Plan requirements.|
|Availability of support resources and equipment (Quality)
Implementation of recommendations from reviews of exercises and responses to spills (Quality)
Number of trained and equipped personnel (Quantity)
Cost of maintaining a National Plan response capability (Price)
100% implementation of accepted recommendations
40 National Response Team personnel available/200 personnel trained each two year cycle
2007-08 estimates: $5.0 million
|Sub Output 1.3.2: Provision of a level of emergency response capability consistent with the National Maritime Emergency Response Arrangements.|
|Availability of emergency response capability (Quality)
Cost of maintaining an emergency response capability (Price)
|100% availability of Emergency Towage Vessels in accordance with contractual
2007-08 estimates: $11.5 million
|Output 1.4: Aids to marine navigation: AMSA's provision of technical, maintenance and engineering project management services supporting the provision of the national network of integrated aids to navigation and traffic management measures to meet the needs of commercial shipping for safe and efficient coastal navigation. AMSA's provision of a safety communications network consistent with the standards in the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea.|
|Sub-Output 1.4.1: Enhancement of systems that aid safe navigation.|
|National Aids to Navigation Network
Aids to navigation network meets requirements of the five-year Navigation Safety Strategic Plan for Marine Aids to Navigation (Quality)
Availability of the marine aids to navigation network (Quality)
All historic property in relation to lighthouses maintained in accordance with AMSA Heritage Strategy (Quality)
Availability of Long Range Identification and Tracking of Ships in line with the IMO timetable. (Quality)
Cost to provide a network of aids to navigation (Price)
Safety Communications Network
Median time taken to distribute safety information messages (Quality)
Capability to monitor successful transmission of safety messages (Quantity)
Cost to provide maritime safety messages (Price)
100% of priority strategies executed on time and within budget
Visual: Category 1 99.8%
|Portfolio Outcome: Fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system|
|Intermediate Outcome 2: Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents|
|Output Group 2: Search and Rescue Program|
|Output 2.1: A capability to detect, locate and rescue persons in maritime and aviation distress situations: AMSA's maintenance of safety communications services and provision of a 24-hour search and rescue coordination service over the internationally agreed Australian Search and Rescue Region.|
|Sub-Output 2.1.1: Provision of an Emergency Response Centre (ERC).|
|Availability of the ERC (Quality)
An ERC established that can handle a number of incidents, searches, and AUSREP reports distributed evenly over a year (Quantity)
Cost of providing the ERC (Price)
300,000 AUSREP reports
2007-08 estimates: $8.4 million
|Sub-Output 2.1.2: Provision of distress and safety communications services.|
|Availability of each system (Quality)
Number of COSPAS/SARSAT ground segments and Mission Control Centre (MCC) (Quantity)
Number of Maritime Communications terrestrial and satellite stations (Quantity)
Cost of providing distress and safety communications services (Price)
2 ground stations/1 MCC
2 terrestrial stations at Wiluna, Western Australia, and Charleville, Queensland and 1 satellite station at Perth
2007-08 estimates: $6.1 million
|Sub-Output 2.1.3: Provision of trained and equipped search and rescue response assets.|
|Availability of Search and Rescue Units (SRUs) (Quality)
Number capable of deploying equipment, searching, rescuing (Quality)
Number of trained SRUs (Quantity)
Number of training/audit sessions of SRU's conducted (Quantity)
Cost of providing trained and equipped search and rescue response assets (Price)
|5 dedicated and 58 on an opportunity basis
5 to deploy equipment
63 to search
30 to rescue
2007-08 estimates: $29.3 million
|Sub-Output 2.1.4: Maintenance and enhancement of strategic relationships and increasing public awareness of maritime safety issues.|
|Number of issues/problems identified in agreements or programs (Quality)
Number of agreements developed or varied satisfactorily (Quantity)
In conjunction with States and Territories, number of education programs supported (Quantity)
Cost of maintaining and enhancing strategic relationships and increasing public awareness of maritime safety issues (Price)
2007-08 estimates: $1.4 million
|Sub-Output 2.1.5: Provision of an effective response to search and rescue incidents.|
|Median time for ERC to initiate response (Quality)
Median time for first unit to commence response action (Quality)
Median time until asset on scene (Quality)
A capability to respond to incidents (Quantity)
Total cost of search activity in 2007-08 (Price)
Maintain above capability
2007-08 estimates: $9.6 million
AMSA has an established system of effective internal and external audits to regularly review particular activities relating to each of its two intermediate outcomes and the relevant results are discussed in the annual report.