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Section 3 : Outcomes

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  • 3.1 Summary of outcomes, outputs and administered items
  • 3.2 Outcomes resourcing
  • This section explains how the resources identified in Section 2 will be used to deliver outputs and administered items to contribute to the one outcome for AMSA.

    3.1 Summary of outcomes, outputs and administered items

    OUTCOMES AND OUTPUTS GROUPS

    AMSA works to achieve Outcome 1 specified by Government for the Transport and Regional Services Portfolio: Fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system.

    AMSA has established two intermediate outcomes reflecting the benefit that AMSA seeks to achieve for the Australian community that contribute directly to the achievement of the portfolio's broader outcome:

    • Minimising the risk of shipping incidents and pollution in Australian waters
    • Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents.

    The following section provides an agency overview, and then each outcome is discussed in turn. The map on the following page shows the relationship between AMSA's two intermediate outcomes and the portfolio Outcome 1 and AMSA's five outputs, which represent the external services produced by AMSA consistent with its intermediate outcomes.

    OUTPUT COST ATTRIBUTION

    AMSA operates a time management system, which provides an integrated approach to the identification of output costs and the internal transfer pricing arrangements between its internal business units.

    It provides a framework and a standard corporate activity listing of outputs (services, activities and tasks) undertaken across AMSA that are linked to AMSA's core business processes and performance outcomes.

    It tracks both staff time and costs spent on a range of services (outputs) and provides the aggregate costing and resource allocation information for these services (outputs). It also tracks staff time and cost of work undertaken by one Business Unit on behalf of another, through the internal transfer pricing mechanism.

    CHANGES TO OUTCOMES AND OUTPUTS

    There have been no major changes to AMSA's Outcome and Output structure from the 2005 06 PBS.

    Figure 3.1: Outcomes and output groups

    Figure 3.1: Outcomes and output groups

    (click on the image to view the larger version)

    TRENDS IN RESOURCING ACROSS AMSA INTERMEDIATE OUTCOMES

    Chart 3.1: Trends in appropriation for all AMSA Intermediate Outcomes ($ millions)

    Chart 3.1: Trends in appropriation for all AMSA Intermediate Outcomes ($ millions)

    (click on the image to view the larger version)

    The increase in budget appropriations to AMSA Outcome 2 in 2006-2007 arises from the ongoing measures from the 2004-05 and 2005-06 Budgets to strengthen AMSA's search and rescue capability.

    The increase in budget appropriations to AMSA Outcome 1 in 2006-07 includes funding to progress changes to AMSA's regulatory functions in the implementation of the National Maritime Emergency Response Arrangements (NMERA). In particular, AMSA's new role under the NMERA in regulating, monitoring and coordinating emergency response arrangements when there is a significant pollution risk in relation to a ship in Australia's waters and around Australia's coast. It continues from the Department's Budget measure in the 2005-06 Budget under Maritime Emergency Towage Services.

    AMSA INTERMEDIATE OUTCOME 1 - DESCRIPTION

    Minimising the Risk of Shipping Incidents and Pollution in Australian Waters

    The portfolio outcome of fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system encompasses the promotion of high standards of ship safety and marine environment protection in Australian waters. As shipping is an international industry, a range of international treaties determines its standards of safety and environment protection, principally promulgated by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). AMSA contributes to the development of relevant international standards and to measures that encourage their implementation and enforcement by all flag States.

    AMSA seeks to enhance the responsiveness and capability of the national regulatory framework to deal with contemporary ship safety and pollution prevention issues. It contributes to Australia's adoption and implementation of IMO ship safety and environment conventions and seeks the expeditious adoption of new and revised international standards into Australian law using a performance and outcomes based regulatory approach, where appropriate. The adoption of a safety culture is actively promoted in the maritime industry.

    AMSA is a member of the Australian Maritime Group and National Marine Safety Committee (NMSC). It supports the NMSC's promotion of consistent national maritime standards to facilitate the movement of vessels and personnel between State, Territory and Federal jurisdictions and improve safety of commercial and recreational vessels.

    AMSA continues to refine its ship inspection risk management strategies to target higher risk ships operating in Australian waters. AMSA's Focused and Concentrated Inspection Campaigns focus inspections on specific ship safety and operational issues. Active participation in regional forums aims to strengthen cooperation in ship inspection and data exchange to combat substandard ships in the region. AMSA continues to facilitate the transition to the revised standards for seafarer qualifications under the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping, particularly in relation to State and Territory harmonisation of standards. It is strengthening coastal pilotage regulation and implementing the extension of the system of pilotage in the Great Barrier Reef to the Torres Strait to enhance safety of navigation in this environmentally sensitive region.

    As managing agency for the National Plan to Combat Pollution of the Sea by Oil and Other Noxious and Hazardous Substances, AMSA continues to take a lead role in its administration in consultation with industry and the State and Territory Governments. AMSA has a new role in providing a level of emergency response capability consistent with the Australian Government's National Maritime Emergency Response Arrangements (NMERA). This involves managing contracts with service providers for emergency response vessels at strategic locations around the Australian coast. AMSA also is to regulate, monitor and coordinate emergency response as the national decision maker when there is a significant pollution risk in relation to any ship in Australia's waters and around Australia's coast.

    AMSA provides navigational safety services in keeping with Australia's international obligations based on a Five Year Strategic Plan for Marine Aids to Navigation. This includes effective management of contracts for the provision of maintenance services for the national aids to navigation network by an external provider. AMSA manages its historic lighthouse property in the network consistent with the Commonwealth Heritage Management Principles.

    AMSA INTERMEDIATE OUTCOME 2 - DESCRIPTION

    Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents

    The portfolio outcome of fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system encompasses the provision of effective search and rescue coordination services over the internationally agreed Australian search and rescue region, in accordance with international treaties, and maintaining safety communications services primarily for commercial shipping.

    AMSA provides a 24-hour Emergency Response Centre (ERC), with the Australian Rescue Coordination Centre at its hub servicing the Australian search and rescue region of almost 53 million square kilometres. The ERC utilises advanced systems and communications technology to promote coordination with other agencies. AMSA is establishing a fleet of five dedicated search and rescue aircraft based at strategic locations (Darwin, Perth, Cairns, Melbourne and Brisbane) around Australia. Training and specialised equipment also are provided to contracted general aviation operators designated as search and rescue units to enable them to provide search and rescue services under AMSA's coordination. AMSA continues to work with State and Territory search and rescue agencies under the Inter-Governmental Agreement on National Search and Rescue Response Arrangements to strengthen formal arrangements, operational protocols and cooperation, as well as sharing strategic information in particular search and rescue incidents.

    The ERC facilitate the multi-disciplinary management of maritime incidents including coordination of the search and rescue operation, monitoring operational standards of any emergency towage and/or salvage operation, and planning and responding to any real or threatened pollution of the marine environment.

    AMSA also provides a distress and safety communications network that meets the requirements of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System under the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention and can be used by suitably equipped non-SOLAS vessels (ie vessels less than 300 tonnes). This involves management of the provision of these services by an external provider.

    AMSA administers a ship reporting system that identifies and tracks ships at sea as a safety measure and provides a database of ships that may be in a position to respond to an emergency situation at sea.

    Two ground stations and a Mission Control Centre are provided by AMSA for the Cospas-Sarsat satellite distress beacon detection system. The cessation of satellite processing of 121.5 MHz distress beacon alerts from 2009 is the focus of AMSA's public education program to promote the benefits of upgrading to the superior 406 MHz distress beacon. Public awareness of boating and aviation safety and greater responsibility for personal safety is being promoted in AMSA's promotion of maritime and aviation educational campaigns.

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    3.2 Outcomes resourcing

    OUTCOME 1 RESOURCING

    Table 3.1 below details the total resources for AMSA to contribute to the achievement of Portfolio Outcome 1 in 2006-07, including administered expenses, revenue from government (appropriation), revenue from other sources, and the total price of outputs.

    Table 3.1: Total resources for Outcome 1

    PERFORMANCE INFORMATION FOR OUTCOME 1

    Portfolio Outcome 1 - contribution of AMSA outputs

    AMSA Intermediate Outcome 1, Minimising the risk of shipping incidents and pollution in Australian waters, involves contributions from the following four outputs that comprise AMSA's Output Group 1: Ship Operations and Safety and Marine Environment Protection Program:

    Output 1.1: Safety and environment protection standards for responsible operation of ships
    Output 1.2: Infrastructure for monitoring compliance with safety and environment protection standards
    Output 1.3: A capability to prevent and respond to marine pollution risks
    Output 1.4:

    Systems that aid safe marine navigation.

    AMSA Intermediate Outcome 2, Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents, involves contributions from the following output that comprises AMSA's Output Group 2: Search and Rescue Program:

    Output 2.1: A capability to detect, locate and rescue persons in maritime and aviation distress situations.

    Performance information for AMSA Intermediate Outcomes 1 and 2

    AMSA Intermediate Outcome 1: Minimising the risk of shipping incidents and pollution in Australian waters
    In assessing the effectiveness of AMSA's overall performance in the achievement of its first intermediate outcome, AMSA seeks to reduce over time the ratio of reports to AMSA under the Navigation Act 1912 of pollution incidents, ship inspection deficiencies and ship operation incidents compared to the total number of ship voyages to Australia. The targets for each type of incident for 2006-07 are as follows:
    (a) Pollution incidents: 0.7%
    (b) Ship inspection deficiencies: 2.3 average per inspection
    (c) Ship operation incidents: 0.2%
    AMSA Intermediate Outcome 2: Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents
    In assessing the effectiveness of AMSA's overall performance in the achievement of its second outcome, AMSA seeks to increase over time the percentage of saved lives as a proportion of lives at risk. (A person is defined as being at risk if the person has a chance of surviving the initial incident.) The target is 100%.

    Figure 3.2: Performance information for AMSA Intermediate Outcome 1

    Portfolio Outcome: Fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system
    Intermediate Outcome 1: Minimising the risk of shipping incidents and pollution in Australian waters
    Output Group 1: Ship Operations Safety and Marine Environment Protection Program
    Measure
    Target
    Output 1.1: Safety and environment protection standards for responsible operation of ships: AMSA provides a regulatory framework of safety and environment protection standards for Australia consistent with international treaties and contemporary safety management systems.
    Sub-Output 1.1.1: Provision of an Australian regulatory framework and operational standards for maritime safety and marine environment protection
    Currency and relevance of the Australian regulatory framework (Quality)

    Proportion of accepted recommendations actioned from audit/incident investigation of Australian flagged vessels (Quality)

    Cost to provide the framework (Price)

    All relevant international standards implemented

    100% of recommendations actioned in an appropriate manner and timeframe


    2006-07 estimates: $1.7 million

    Sub-Output 1.1.2: Promotion of a safety culture in the maritime industry by influencing industry attitudes, behaviours and business practices.
    Improvement in the standard of foreign flag ships operating in Australian waters (Quality)

    Cost of promoting a safety culture in the maritime industry (Price)

    Declining trend in average number of deficiencies per inspection


    2006-07 estimates: $1.6 million

    Sub-Output 1.1.3: Participation and influence in international and regional maritime forums and partnerships.
    Proportion of issues of significant to Australian identified and actively pursued to influence outcomes (Quality)

    Cost of participation in international and regional maritime forums and partnerships meetings (Price)

    100%


    2006-07 estimates: $5.4million

    Output 1.2: An infrastructure for monitoring compliance with safety and environment protection standards: AMSA monitors compliance with international standards by conducting inspections of ships, cargoes and cargo handling equipment in Australian ports, oversighting ship operations in Australian waters (including coastal pilotage in Torres Strait and the Great Barrier Reef) and issues certificates of competency to seafarers.
    Sub-Output 1.2.1: Improve compliance with standards covering ship condition, operation and handling of cargoes through maintaining and enhancing strategic relationships, increased public and industry awareness on compliance matters.
    Inspection rate of risk assessed eligible ships under the port State control program covering all ships and single visit ships (Quality)




    AMSA allocation of priority to older high risk ships (15 or more years) when eligible for inspection


    Improvement in the standard of foreign flag ships operating in Australian waters (Quality)

    Extent of industry compliance (Quality)


    Number of Port State Control inspections (Quantity)


    Number of Flag State Control inspections (Quantity)

    Average cost of undertaking port and flag State control inspections (Price)


    Cost of providing a compliance monitoring infrastructure and industry awareness of compliance matters (Price)

    Single-hull tankers - 100%
    Other high risk ships - 80%
    Medium to high risk ships - 60%
    Low to medium risk ships - 40%
    Low risk ships- 25%
    Overall target = > 50%

    90% of inspections of ships in this risk group within first two port visits after the ship becomes eligible

    Declining trend in average deficiencies per inspection


    Declining trend in average number of non-conformances per ISM audit


    PSC inspections in 2006 estimate: 3,150


    FSC inspections in 2006 estimate: 95

    Port State inspections: 2006-07 estimates: $650/inspection
    Flag state inspections 2006-07 estimates: $450/inspection

    2006-07 estimates: $13.2 million

    Output 1.2: An infrastructure for monitoring compliance with safety and environment protection standards: AMSA monitors compliance with international standards by conducting inspections of ships, cargoes and cargo handling equipment in Australian ports, oversighting ship operations in Australian waters (including coastal pilotage in Torres Strait and the Great Barrier Reef) and issues certificates of competency to seafarers.
    Sub-Output 1.2.2: Maintain a high standard of seafarers' qualifications.
    IMO endorsement of seafarer qualifications system as being compliant with international standards (Quality)


    Number of certificates issued (Quantity)


    Person hours spent (Quantity)

    Percentage of PSC inspections with deficiencies relating to crew qualifications (Quantity)

    Cost of maintaining marine qualifications and certification system (Price)

    Maintain Australia's inclusion on IMO "White List" of STCW95 compliant administrations
    Australia's involvement in IMO assessments of flag administrations "White List" status


    2006-07 estimates: 1,000 certifications, 550 oral examinations


    2006-07 estimates: 19,000 hours

    Declining trend in the average number of deficiencies per inspection


    2006-07 estimates: $2.1 million

    Output 1.3: Capability to prevent and respond to marine pollution risks: AMSA manages the National Plan to Combat Pollution of the Sea by Oil and Other Noxious and Hazardous Substances, which involves providing oil and chemical spill preparedness and response capabilities in consultation with State and Northern Territory Governments, port corporations and authorities, shipping, oil, exploration and chemical industries and emergency services. AMSA maintains an emergency response capability consistent with the National Maritime Emergency Response Arrangements and regulates, monitors and coordinates emergency response as national decision maker when there is a significant pollution risk in relation to any ship in Australian waters and around Australia's coast.
    Sub-Output 1.3.1: Provide a level of pollution response capability consistent with National Plan requirements.
    Availability of support resources and equipment (Quality)

    Implementation of recommendations from reviews of exercises and responses to spills (Quality)

    Number of trained and equipped personnel (Quantity)

    Cost of maintaining a National Plan response capability (Price)

    95% availability

    100% implementation of accepted recommendations


    40 National Response Team personnel available/200 personnel trained each two year cycle

    2006-07 estimates: $4.6 million

    Sub Output 1.3.2: Provide a level of emergency response capability consistent with the National Maritime Emergency Response Arrangements

    Availability of emergency towage vessels by December 2006 Quality









    Cost of establishing and maintaining an emergency response capability (Price)

    Contracts in place for Emergency Towage Vessels in:

    • GBR/Torres Strait (July 2006)
    • Western Australia (July 2006)
    • South Australia (July 2006)
    • Queensland (August 2006)
    • Victoria/Tasmania (August 2006)
    • New South Wales (October 2006)
    • Northern Territory (December 2006).

    2006-07 estimates: $13.0 million

    Output 1.4: Systems that aid safe marine navigation: AMSA provides technical, maintenance and engineering project management services supporting the provision of the national network of integrated aids to navigation and traffic management measures to meet the needs of commercial shipping for safe and efficient coastal navigation. AMSA also provides a safety communications network under the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS).
    Sub-Output 1.4.1: Enhancement of systems that aid safe navigation.
    National Aids to Navigation Network

    Marine navigational aids network meets requirements of the five-year Navigational Strategic Plan for Marine Aids to Navigation (Quality)

    Availability of the marine aids to navigation network (Quality)



    All historic property in relation to lighthouses maintained in accordance with AMSA Heritage Strategy

    Cost to provide a network of aids to navigation (Price)

    Safety Communications Network

    Median time taken to distribute safety information messages (Quality)

    Capability to monitor successful transmission of safety messages (Quantity)

    Cost to provide maritime safety messages (Price)

    100% of priority strategies executed on time and within budget


    Visual: Category 1 - 99.8%
    Category 2 - 99.0%
    Category 3 - 97.0%
    Racons: 99.6%
    Tideguages: 99.6%
    DGPS: 99.6%
    REEFVTS Coastal Vessel Traffic Service: 98%
    AIS (non REEFVTS): 99.8%
    Unlit Beacons: 95%
    Topmarks and daymarks: 95%

    100% of historic property managed in accordance with AMSA Heritage Strategy and specific conservation management plans where relevant.


    2006-07 estimates:$20.3 million


    2 hours

    100%

    2006-07 estimates: $0.1 million


    Figure 3.3: Performance information for AMSA Intermediate Outcome 2

    Portfolio Outcome: Fostering an efficient, sustainable, competitive, safe and secure transport system
    Intermediate Outcome 2: Maximising the number of people saved from maritime and aviation incidents
    Output Group 2: Search and Rescue Program
    Measure
    Target
    Output 2.1: A capability to detect, locate and rescue persons in maritime and aviation distress situations: AMSA maintains safety communications services and provides a 24-hour search and rescue coordination service over the internationally agreed Australian Search and Rescue Region.
    Sub-Output 2.1.1: Provide a 24 hour Emergency Response Centre (ERC).
    Availability of the ERC (Quality)

    An ERC established that can handle a number of incidents, searches, and AUSREP reports distributed evenly over year (Quantity)

    Cost of providing the ERC (Price)

    100%

    15,000 incidents
    500 searches
    240,000 AUSREP reports

    2006-07 estimates: $9.2 million

    Sub-Output 2.1.2: Provide distress and safety communications services.

    Availability of each system (Quality)

    Number of COSPAS/SARSAT ground segments and Mission Control Centre (MCC) (Quantity)


    Number of Maritime Communications terrestrial and satellite stations (Quantity)


    Cost of providing distress and safety communications services (Price)

    99.5%

    2 ground stations/1 MCC


    2 terrestrial stations at Wiluna, Western Australia, and Charleville, Queensland and 1 satellite station at Perth

    2006-07 estimates: $5.2 million

    Sub-Output 2.1.3: Provide trained and equipped search and rescue response assets.

    Availability of Search and Rescue Units (SRUs) (Quality)

    Number capable of deploying equipment, searching, rescuing (Quality)

    Number of trained SRUs (Quantity)

    Number of trained pilots and crew (Quantity)

    Cost of providing trained and equipped search and rescue response assets

    5 dedicated and 58 on an opportunity basis

    5 to deploy equipment
    63 to search
    28 to rescue

    63

    276

    2006-07 estimates: $22.5 million

    Output 2.1: A capability to detect, locate and rescue persons in maritime and aviation distress situations: AMSA maintains safety communications services and provides a 24-hour search and rescue coordination service over the internationally agreed Australian Search and Rescue Region.
    Sub-Output 2.1.4: Maintain and enhance strategic relationships and increase public awareness of maritime safety issues.
    Number of issues/problems identified in agreements or programs (Quality)


    Number of agreements developed or varied satisfactorily (Quantity)


    In conjunction with States and Territories, number of education programs supported (Quantity)

    Cost of maintaining and enhancing strategic relationships and increasing public awareness of maritime safety issues (Price)

    0


    4


    5


    2006-07 estimates: $1.9 million

    Sub-Output 2.1.5: Provide an effective response to search and rescue incidents.
    Median time for ERC to initiate response (Quality)

    Median time for first unit to commence response action (Quality)

    Median time until asset on scene (Quality)
    Incident within <50 nautical miles of search base
    Incident within 50 to 200 nautical miles of search base
    Incident within 200 to 500 nautical miles of search base

    A capability to respond to incidents (Quantity)

    Median cost per search in 2006-07 (Price)

    30 minutes

    30 minutes

    30 minutes
    60 minutes
    90 minutes

    Maintain above capability

    $4,700 median cost per search

    EVALUATIONS

    AMSA has an established system of effective internal and external audits to regularly review particular activities relating to each of its two intermediate outcomes and the relevant results are discussed in the annual report.

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