Glossary

Accountable authority Under the Public Governance, Performance and Accountability Act 2013, the person responsible for, and with control over, the Department's operations. The accountable authority of the Department is the Secretary.
Administered items/activities/
programs
Revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities that the Australian Government controls, which an agency or authority manages on the Government's behalf.
Air services arrangements Treaty-level aviation agreements negotiated with international governments. Air service arrangements may contain provisions on the routes airlines can fly, the number of flights that can be operated, tariffs and the number of airlines designated to operate services.
Benefit cost ratios Benefit cost ratios (BCRs) are an indicator for planning, evaluation and investment as they summarise the overall value for money of a project. A result over 1.0 indicates the economic benefits for the project are greater than the economic costs.
B-Double A combination consisting of a prime mover towing two semi-trailers where the first semi-trailer is connected to the prime mover by a fifth wheel coupling and the second semi-trailer is connected to the first semi-trailer by a fifth wheel coupling.
Black Spot Those road locations where crashes are occurring. Black Spot projects at dangerous road locations reduce the risk of crashes.
Compliance activity An activity designed to achieve assurance, such as audits, inspections and systems tests.
Corporate governance The process by which agencies are directed and controlled. It is generally understood to encompass authority, accountability, stewardship leadership, direction and control.
Division An organisational unit within the Department, which is managed by an executive director and reports to the Secretary.
Ecological sustainable development Using, conserving and enhancing the community's resources so that ecological processes, on which life depends, are maintained and the total quality of life, now and in the future, can be increased.
Enterprise agreement An agreement made at enterprise level between employers and employees about the terms and conditions of employment.
Federal Executive Council The formal, constitutional and legal body responsible for advising the Governor-General (as distinct from Cabinet).
Federally leased airport The leased federal airports in each state and territory that were granted on long-term leases to private entities between 1997 and 2003.
Freight Goods transported by truck, train, ship or aircraft.
General Government Sector A classification of entities controlled and largely funded by the Australian Government. The sector provides public services for the collective consumption of the community or services that involve the transfer and redistribution of income. All government departments are classified as General Government Sector entities.
Grant Commonwealth financial assistance as defined under the Commonwealth Grants Rules and Guidelines.
Greenhouse gas emissions Emissions that contribute to climate change such as carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrous oxide and methane. In vehicles, the principal greenhouse gas is CO2.
Heavy vehicle road reform Road charging and investment reform with the goal to turn the provision of heavy vehicle road infrastructure into an economic service where feasible. This would see a market established that links the needs of heavy vehicle users with the level of service they receive, the charges they pay and the investment of those charges back into road services.
Inspector of Transport Security An appointee who conducts inquiries into transport security incidents at the discretion of the Minister for Infrastructure and Transport.
Last port of call An International airport that hosts direct flights to Australia.
Noxious emissions Air pollutants such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, volatile organic compounds and benzene, which are emitted into the environment by motor vehicles. Noxious emissions can contribute to urban air quality problems, such as photochemical smog, and adversely affect human health.
Polar Code International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters.
Portfolio A minister's area of responsibility as a member of Cabinet.
Portfolio Budget Statements A budget-related paper detailing budget initiatives and appropriations, by outcome and program, for each entity within a portfolio.
Program An activity or group of activities that delivers benefits or services, or transfers payments to individuals, industry or the community as a whole.
Regional Development Australia committee Regional Development Australia (RDA) is an Australian Government initiative that brings together all levels of government to enhance the development of Australia's regions. A national network of RDA committees has been established to achieve this objective.
Regulation Any rule endorsed by government where there is an expectation of compliance.
Road user charging Direct charging that reflects each user's own consumption of the road network.
Value capture A term used to describe a range of funding and financing mechanisms which seek to leverage the broad range of benefits (such as uplift in property values and labour force accessibility) which can be generated by new or upgraded transport infrastructure.

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Last Updated: 16 April, 2018