Program 2.1—Transport Security (continued)
Table 4.3 provides a summary of the results achieved by each of the administered items under Program 2.1.
Table 4.3 Summary of performance—Program 2.1 administered items
|Aviation security enhancements|
|- improving international aviation security.||Engagement with key regional regulators, international bodies and industry participants progressed.|
|- regional passenger screening.||The regional passenger screening program was managed on time and within budget. 40 courses for training in the use of hand-wands took place at locations around Australia in 2010–11. 271 staff participated in the training.|
|Strengthening aviation security|
|- optimal technologies at international gateway airports.||Guidelines for Explosive Trace Detection equipment (international) were released in December 2010, and Bottled Liquid Scanner and Multi-view X-ray guidelines were released in February 2011. Applications relating to Explosive Trace Detection equipment (international) and Bottled Liquid Scanner and Multi-view X-ray equipment programs were received.|
|- regional and domestic aviation security.||Guidelines for Explosive Trace Detection equipment (domestic) were released in November 2010, and guidelines for New Entrant Regional Airports were released in December 2010. Applications relating to Explosive Trace Detection equipment (domestic) and New Entrant Regional Airports programs were received.|
|- securing the air cargo supply chain.||No administered funds were appropriated for 2010–11.|
The budget and actual expenditure for each administered item is listed in appendix A.
Detailed report on performance
The following report is against the headings from the applicable output from the 2010–11 PBS.
(a) Domestic engagement
The Department continues to be an active participant in a range of whole-of-government national security activities. These activities include programs to enhance the national crisis and consequence management framework; national contingency planning; and injection of transport security advice into the national security policy development process.
Engagement occurred extensively with industry and the Australian intelligence and law enforcement communities throughout the year, to maintain a contemporary understanding of the transport security threat and risk environment. Identification and mitigation of security vulnerabilities within the maritime and aviation transport sectors has occurred through collection, investigation and analysis of transport security incidents and events.
The Department maintained strong relationships with state and territory governments, and through regional networks, maintained strong relationships with industry and government stakeholders. Close engagement with industry has continued to be a priority in 2010–11 through activities such as attendance at industry-based security committees, in addition to formal regulatory management activities. The Security Standing Sub-Committee, which sits under the Standing Committee on Transport, met twice during the year.
Support and engagement continued through the Transport Sector Group, which encompasses aviation, maritime and surface subgroups. The group is part of the Trusted Information Sharing Network for Critical Infrastructure Resilience, and enables industry and government to share ‘all hazards’ information and insights to build resilience within the transport sector. The group held two meetings, a forum, and desktop discussion exercises to provide owners and operators of critical infrastructure with an opportunity to share information on threats and vulnerabilities, and appropriate measures and strategies to mitigate risk within an all-hazards approach.
(b) International engagement
As part of the Department's commitment to strengthening international transport security and engagement with overseas counterparts, it has established two new posts, one at the Australian Embassy in Bangkok, Thailand, and one in the Australian Embassy in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. This presence adds to the Department's existing Australian Embassy posts in the Philippines, Indonesia and the United States of America. The Department has also continued its support of AusAID programs in Papua New Guinea and Indonesia.
During 2010–11, the Department:
- continued its international engagement through building and strengthening bilateral relationships with counterpart agencies
- conducted last ports of call assessments and capacity-building activities, and
- strengthened regional engagement on transport security and infrastructure by supporting multilateral forums, such as APEC, International Maritime Organization (IMO) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
In June 2011, the Department hosted the 34th APEC Transportation Working Group meeting. The Australian delegates played an active role in progressing Australia's interests in aviation and maritime security; advancing the APEC supply chain connectivity framework; improving intermodal connections; greater utilisation of alternative transport fuels; work on harmonising vehicle standards; raising awareness of the Decade of Action for Road Safety (2011–20) and enhancing intermodal freight strategies.
International moves to strengthen air cargo security arrangements following the Yemen security incident of 29 October 2010 were supported by the international engagement. The Department was represented in forums facilitated by the ICAO and has influenced the direction of emerging global standards for air cargo security. The Department also worked bilaterally and multilaterally with international transport security regulators and industry to promote a collaborative strategy to strengthen global air cargo security standards.
The Department contributed to the Australian delegation attending the 88th and 89th IMO Maritime Safety Committee meetings in London in November 2010 and May 2011.
(c) Transport security inquiries
On 31 May 2010, the Minister formally directed the Inspector of Transport Security to conduct an inquiry into Offshore Oil and Gas Resources Sector Security to assess the quality and effectiveness of current security arrangements in place, and response capabilities of resource operators and government to a security incident or an attack on offshore oil and gas exploration and production infrastructure.
The Offshore Oil and Gas Resources Sector Security Inquiry was formally announced by the Minister on 1 February 2011, and the operational phase of the inquiry subsequently began.
In the 2010–11 period, there were operational site visits in the Bass Strait, Northern Territory, Western Australia and Timor Leste.
International policy meetings occurred in the United States of America with the support and cooperation of the US Government Accountability Office, United States Coast Guard and the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement.
An interim report is expected to the Minister by late 2011.