Other transport programs

Program 2.1-Transport Security


On 9 February 2010, the Prime Minister announced a range of aviation security measures, including passenger screening and cargo security measures based on the national aviation policy statement that will continue to strengthen aviation security.

The Department developed the 2010 Offshore Oil and Gas Security Risk Context Statement, which provides an updated assessment of threat and risk to the Australian offshore oil and gas sector, based on current strategic intelligence.

Improved procedures were introduced for auditing and inspecting industry compliance and for testing the robustness of security arrangements at Australian airports.

The Department advanced its transport security outcomes through a range of international engagement activities with international institutions, international partners, regional dialogue, and bilateral engagement.

International benchmarking and research into residual vulnerabilities in the air cargo supply chain were conducted, and a proposal to further enhance supply chain security was agreed to by the Australian Government.

Transport Security Programs for 143 regional non screened airports and regional air service operators were reviewed and brought up to date. Improved guidance material was developed to assist smaller industry participants to develop their security plans.

The Department conducted nine aviation security assessments of international airports with direct flights to Australia. The results of these assessments informed regional capacity-building projects.

An Air Cargo Examination Notice was issued to strengthen security arrangements for international export cargo.

The Maritime Transport and Offshore Facilities Security Act 2003 was amended to establish a head of power for the issuing of maritime screening notices for passenger ship operations.

The Maritime Transport and Offshore Security Regulations 2003 were amended to provide enhanced security through the Maritime Security Identity Card scheme.

The Australian Shipping Counter Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea Advisory Guidelines, a supportive brochure and the International Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea Security Inquiry Report were presented by the Inspector of Transport Security to the Minister for Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Local Government.


Program 2.1 was delivered through the Office of Transport Security and the Office of the Inspector of Transport Security. The program was designed to ensure a more secure Australian transport system through clarity of roles and responsibilities between transport industry participants and the Australian Government. Operators are responsible for facility level preventive security with compliance assured by the Australian Government. Against this context, the program's objective is to ensure a secure Australian transport system against terrorist attack.

Program 2.1 included the following administered items:

  • Aviation security enhancements
    • improving international aviation security, and
    • regional passenger screening

The budget and actual expenditure for each administered item is listed in Appendix A.

Summary of performance

Tables 4.1 and 4.2 summarise the Department's results in delivering Program 2.1, against the key performance indicators and deliverables and their targets published in the 2009–10 PBS.

Table 4.1 Summary of performance-Program 2.1 key performance indicators
Key performance indicator Target Result
Activity is underpinned by a sound understanding of the threat and security risk environment as it affects transport security. Sound understanding of threat and risk is demonstrated through the analysis of available intelligence and vulnerability indicators; appropriate action by the Department and industry to mitigate against new or emerging threats and the heightened likelihood of attacks; appropriate briefings and threat-related products by the Department to industry. Achieved
The Department engaged extensively with the industry and with Australian intelligence and law enforcement communities throughout the year, to ensure that a contemporary understanding of the transport security threat and risk environment was maintained. The Department received and analysed more than 500 threat assessments and intelligence reports which set the foundations for the Department's risk-based transport security regulatory framework.

The Department has increased its emphasis on ensuring that security risk assessment processes are robust and drive the development and assessment of transport security plans and programs.
Policy and regulatory activity ensures that industry achieves effective and sustainable transport preventive security outcomes. Effective policy leads to timely changes in transport security legislation and facility level transport security plans/programs, provides a framework for preventive security mitigation measures, minimises unintended consequences for transport operators and can be implemented at the facility level/operating environment in a flexible manner.

Effective regulatory activity is demonstrated by a high degree of compliance and enhanced security culture by industry operators, a reduction in transport security vulnerabilities with appropriate Departmental compliance activity.
The Aviation Transport Security Regulations were amended to reflect the current nature and level of threat.

The Maritime Transport and Offshore Security Act 2003 was amended to establish a head of power for the issuing of maritime screening notices for passenger ship operations.

The Maritime and Offshore Security Regulations 2003 were amended to provide enhanced security through the Maritime Security Identity Card scheme.

The Department engaged a service provider who undertook 40 courses of hand wand training at regional airports around Australia and trained 172 participants.

Industry security outcomes were enhanced through:
  • 2,668 compliance activities including 589 audits of aviation, maritime and registered air cargo industry participants, and
  • during compliance activities, identification of 1,136 non-compliances that were brought to the attention of industry participants.
The transport security context domestically and internationally is influenced to advance Australian interests. The Department works with international partners and bodies to improve international transport security frameworks and awareness, and works with other international regulators to develop effective preventive security measures in response to terrorist threats.

The Department incorporates international aviation and maritime agreements and utilises international best practice guidance materials within Australia's national transport preventive security regimes.

The Department works with other government agencies to develop nationally consistent surface and mass transport security outcomes, and to provide risk mitigation advice to transport critical infrastructure.
The Office of Transport Security (OTS) continued to engage with both domestic and international security technology communities to maintain awareness of, and influence the development of, emerging technologies that may have applications in transport security. This included supporting several Australian research projects.

OTS continued to work with international partners to harmonise security screening technology performance criteria and testing methodologies.

The Department contributed to the Australian Delegation attending the eighty-seventh International Maritime Organization Maritime Safety Committee meeting in London in May 2010.

The Department continued to work with state and territory governments to develop a nationally consistent approach to surface transport security and provided risk mitigation advice to transport-critical infrastructure through the work of the Trusted Information Sharing Network.
Results Key  
Not achieved None or minimal progress was made against targets in 2009–10
Partially achieved Some targets were met, and any issues are being managed
Substantially achieved Targets were mostly met, and any issues are being managed
Achieved All targets for 2009–10 were met or exceeded
Table 4.2 Summary of performance-Program 2.1 deliverables
Deliverable Target Result
Aviation security is addressed in the Government's Aviation Policy White Paper. Submissions on the National Aviation Policy Statement will continue to inform transport security development initiatives. The Aviation White Paper was released on 16 December 2009.
Any legislative or policy component of a transport security risk mitigation strategy is delivered efficiently and with the minimum impact on industry and the travelling public. Policy, legislation and regulation development complies with Office of Best Practice Regulation (OBPR) standards. Amendments to the Maritime Transport and Offshore Security Facilities Act 2003 and Aviation Transport Security Act 2004 complied with the OBPR standards.

Despite the low industry impact a business cost calculator should have been completed before proceeding with amendments to the Maritime Transport and Offshore Security Regulations 2003. A business cost calculator assessment has now been submitted to the satisfaction of the OBPR.
Work with international regulators in targeted last ports of call locations to develop effective preventive security measures. Annual engagement with key regional regulators, international bodies and industry participants. Nine last port of call aviation security assessments were conducted at airports selected, and prioritised, using a risk assessment methodology. The outcomes informed aviation security capacity-building activities with East Timor, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand.
Percentage of ‘high risk’ cases subject to compliance activity within 12 months. 95%. 98.4% at 30 June 2010.
Effective administration of regulatory approval processes. Regulatory responsibilities are met. Regulatory responsibilities were met, with 99.3% of approvals processed within the timeframe expected by legislation. The small number of exceptions (four) related to process or communication issues within the Department. A total of 568 regulatory approvals submitted by industry participants were finalised in accordance with legislative requirements.
Industry forums are consulted as required to inform policy and legislation development. All regulated industry sectors are consulted at intervals not exceeding 12 months. Regular meetings were hosted by the Department for all regulated industry sectors.
Sector specific risk context statements and transport security advisories reviewed and issued in a timely fashion to inform industry and Government preventive security measures. Sectoral Risk Context Statements are produced and disseminated to industry within four months of receipt of a sectoral threat assessment.

Transport Security Advisories are issued within seven days of receipt of significant intelligence or following a security incident with relevance to transport preventive security outcomes.
A revised Offshore Oil and Gas Security Risk Context Statement was developed in 2009–10 and subsequently released to industry on 1 July 2010.

A revised Bridges and Tunnels Security Risk Context Statement was developed and released in June 2010.

14 Transport Security Advisories were produced and released in 2009–10.

A scoping brief for production of an air cargo supply chain threat assessment was completed.
Inspector of Transport Security undertakes inquiries as directed by the Minister. Reporting outcomes of inquiries to the Minister and Secretary in a reasonable timeframe as specified by the Minister. Inquiry, report and recommendations accepted by the Minister. The Inspector of Transport Security completed and presented to the Minister the International Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea Security Inquiry Report, Australian Shipping Counter Piracy and Armed Robbery at Sea Advisory Guidelines and supportive brochure.

Table 4.3 provides a summary of the results achieved by each of the administered items under Program 2.1.

Table 4.3 Summary of performance-Program 2.1 administered items
Administered item Result
Aviation security enhancements The National Aviation Policy Statement was released on 16 December 2009.
- improving international aviation security Strengthening of aviation security measures based on National Aviation Policy Statement were announced on 9 February 2010.
- regional passenger screening The regional passenger screening program was managed on time and within budget. Training in the use of hand wands for 2009–10 took place at 40 locations around Australia; 172 staff participated in the training.

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Last Updated: 24 October, 2014