Output Group 1


1.1 : Policy Advice and Legislation Ministerial Services

Output Performance indicators
1.1 Policy Advice and Legislation, Ministerial Services Quality: Ministers and Ministers' Offices satisfied with the quality of policy advice and legislation development, and Department meets standards for policy advice, legislation and Ministerial services.

Target: 95 per cent level of satisfaction.
Results based on performance indicators


In 2001–02 the Ministerial Offices recorded a 98.9 per cent level of satisfaction with the various types of advice sent to them. This represents an improvement over the previous year's level of 96.7 per cent satisfaction. Because responses are recorded against Divisions it is not possible to provide specific data on a Key Result. A breakdown of these figures can be found in Part 5-Management and Accountability.

The Department has continued to work towards attaining the Government's objective of a transport system which is safer, more efficient, internationally competitive, sustainable and accessible through the continued provision of policy advice to our Ministers. Our Ministers have provided us with positive feedback regarding the ongoing satisfactory standard of advice to them and on their behalf to our key stakeholders.

The Department has provided advice on aviation in relation to economic regulatory issues facing the domestic and international aviation industry (including airlines) including

  • aviation relations and negotiations with various bilateral aviation partners
  • airline equity investment matters
  • issues relating to Australias participation in multilateral and plurilateral forums, including GATS, APEC, OECD and ICAO
  • matters surrounding the Ansett Group voluntary administration.

The Department has also provided advice on issues arising from the administration of the economic regulatory framework for leased airports such as:

  • the development of a new pricing regime for major Australian airports from 1 July 2002
  • the application of pricing controls and access provisions at core-regulated airports
  • the Productivity Commissions Inquiry into Price Regulation of Airport Services
  • the Productivity Commissions review of the National Access Regime and inquiry into the Prices Surveillance Act 1983.

The Productivity Commissions review of the National Access Regime and inquiry into the Prices Surveillance Act 1983 were well received by the Minister for Transport and Regional Services and, where appropriate, by Cabinet. For example, we are in the implementation phase concerning the Governments decision regarding the Productivity Commissions findings on the Inquiry into Price Regulation of Airport Services.

We worked with transport portfolio agencies and other relevant departments and agencies to develop the Governments response to the Senate Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport Reference Committee Report on Air Safety and Cabin Air Quality in the BAE 146 Aircraft. The response was tabled in Parliament on 28 June 2002.

We continued to support initiatives of the Pacific Forum Aviation Ministers. At their meeting in September 2001, Ministers decided not to proceed with but agreed to the creation of a Pacific Aviation Safety Office (PASO) and a Pacific Islands Aviation Services Agreement.

We identified and completed the majority of safety regulatory changes together with other work necessary to successfully implement the Ministers aviation reform agenda as it relates to Airservices Australia.

The Department provided advice to our Ministers on the rationalisation and consolidation of regional air services and options for assisting long-term industry adjustment. The Government responded with the implementation of a range of measures including:
  • funds to expand aircraft maintenance engineer training in regional Australia
  • exemption of small regional aircraft from the Air Passenger Ticket Levy
  • assistance with enroute navigation charges for small regional and aeromedical aircraft.

Under great pressure we developed options and managed the Governments transitional responses to the collapse of Ansett as it impacted on regional air services. In conjunction with this the issues impacting on the viability of regional airlines were investigated and reported to the Australian Transport Council on the outcome of that investigation with the cooperation of State and Local Government aviation officials.

We provided advice to the Minister on the effectiveness of current aviation security legislation, improvement options available to the Government, and progress of the current regulatory reform agenda. Furthermore, we consulted with industry bodies and other government agencies on aviation security issues. The results of this consultation process have been incorporated into the legislative reform process.

In terms of significant policy advice and development of legislation in regard to our transport infrastructure activities, we oversighted the Australian Rail Track Corporation (ARTC) in line with the Governments guidelines on Government Business Enterprise (GBE) monitoring. We also provided advice on board membership, corporate business plans and other statutory obligations, including Commonwealth Authorities and Companies (CAC) Act 1997 obligations.

The opportunity was taken to initiate the Ministers involvement in the Prime Ministers Science, Engineering and Innovation Council as a means to heighten the profile of transport technology and innovation.

Through the ATSB, we successfully assisted the Minister in introducing the Transport Safety Investigation Bill in Parliament on 20 June 2002. Regulations are being developed. The legislation will enable ATSB to investigate rail accidents and incidents on the interstate rail system.

The Economic Research and Portfolio Policy Division was commended for its work on the Departments submission to the Governments Fuel Taxation Inquiry. The Chairman of the Inquiry wrote to Minister Anderson complimenting the high standard of our submission and commenting that it was particularly useful.

In relation to transport regulation matters, we provided advice and Ministerial services on a range of issues concerning regulation and reform relating to all transport modes. Some of the key issues during 200102 on which we provided policy advice to our Ministers and on which we received positive feedback included:

  • aviation war risk insurance
  • noise issues at airports
  • airport master plans and major development plans
  • Sydney Airport Community Forum
  • the phase-out of Chapter 2 aircraft
  • National Road Transport Commission Act review
  • coastal shipping
  • motor vehicle imports
  • uniform operational requirements in the interstate rail network.

We developed policy options for increasing the efficiency and international competitiveness of Australian shipping, providing shippers with access to internationally competitive shipping and maintaining an adequate pool of maritime skills to enable the shipping that services Australias trade to function at an acceptable level.

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1.2 : Regulation and Standards

Output Performance indicators
1.2 Regulation and Standards Quality: Compliance is in accordance with legislation, standards or agreements, as applicable.

Regulation is administered in accordance with applicable legislation and agreements, and Departmental standards.

New and amended standards, regulations and agreements are developed and reviewed in accordance with government policy and Departmental standards.
Results based on performance indicators

Achieved—International Air Services Commission

In relation to the International Air Services Commission, all determinations and decisions were made in accordance with the International Air Services Commission Act 1992 and the Ministers policy statement.

Achieved—Airlines licensing and designation

In accordance with relevant legislation and guidelines, the Department processed applications from airlines for timetable and timetable variation approval (366), temporary international airport designation (36), international airline licences (3), passenger charter programmes (5) and freight charter programmes (1), and airline tariff filings of fares and freight rates (6).

The only significant change in application levels in these categories from 2000-01 was the reduced number of tariff filings received. In December 2000, liberalised tariff provisions, providing for voluntary submission of tariff applications and automatic approval in the majority of cases, came into effect. These provisions resulted in the number of tariff filings falling from 134 in 2000-01 to a negligible level (6) in 2001–02.

The Department provides a 24-hour service for urgent cabotage dispensation requests. We processed 23 requests during the 2001–02 reporting year. In addition, to ensure minimum disruption to the travelling public following Ansett's suspension of services in September 2001, the Department granted temporary dispensations to foreign carriers to allow them to carry passengers over domestic sectors of their international services. Sixteen international airlines were granted approval to transport domestic traffic under these temporary arrangements, which expired on 31 December 2001.

Airlines operating scheduled services to Australia continue to demonstrate a high level of compliance with relevant economic regulatory provisions.

Substantially achieved—Aviation Security

A total of 135 airline security inspections was conducted at security-categorised airports, comprising 100 international and 35 domestic operations.

Airport security inspections were conducted at 38 security-categorised airports against their respective airport security programmes, which detail agreed security measures and procedures.

Government policy relating to aviation security changed significantly as a result of the events of 11 September 2001. As part of that change, the Department is assessing the adequacy of its aviation security legislation against recently agreed international standards and recommended practices developed by ICAO.

Major policy reviews are currently under way in consultation with industry to further enhance aviation security regulations and standards. These pertain to baggage and passenger screening, access control issues, and the need for additional security measures.

Achieved—Airport Planning and Regulation

With regard to airport planning and regulation the Department has:

  • Conducted Annual Lease Review Meetings with Airport Lessee Companies to ensure the operation and development of leased airports is in accordance with legislation. We completed lease reviews for the larger capital city airports. Due to the sale of Sydney Airport, our completion of the remaining airports is expected by the end of the September quarter.
  • Continued monitoring compliance with the ownership provisions of the Airports Act 1996 and dealt with all applications submitted for approval of airport subleases or licences.
  • Made timely decisions on applications for proposals involving airport sub-leases and licences and development proposals involving infringements of airport airspace. We also administered the Airports Act 1996 regulatory regime relating to parking and airside vehicle control.
  • Reviewed the regulatory regime relating to airspace protection and prepared the Departmental Obstacle Limitation Surface position paper that has been sent out to key stakeholders for comment.

Achieved—Air Navigation (Aircraft Noise) Regulations 1984

The Department has:

  • overseen the phase-out of Chapter 2 aircraft for compliance with ICAO Chapter 3 noise standards
  • overseen the issuance of public interest dispensations and historical aircraft permits and the revocation of two historical aircraft permits for breach of condition
  • provided direction to Airservices Australia on environmental responsibilities
  • provided advice to the Minister on compliance with the Regulations and standards for the Tugan Bypass Construction across Coolangatta Airport
  • continually assessed contractual and legal requirements, through quarterly reports of the Airport Leasing Companies operational activitiesquarterly reports include information pertaining to potential and existing environmental pollution at airport sites, impacts on biota or habitat; and interference with sites of heritage value or sites of significance to Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander peoples
  • facilitated an appropriate balance between the development of airports and the protection of environmental values Airport Environment Officers (AEOs) and Airport Building Controllers (ABCs) helped ensure a high level of compliance by airport lessees with environmental and building standards; we managed 23 separate contracts for the provision of AEOs and ABCs who proactively monitored Federal airports
  • undertaken an extensive review and assessment of the annual environment report provided by each airport to determine performance in improving environmental outcomes against commitments given in the Airport Environment Strategies
  • conducted a competitive re-tender of the ABC function for the two-year period from 1 July 2002 (with a two-year option), realising savings of some $250,000 in the provision of the regulatory service whilst maintaining service standards
  • developed and approved environmental strategies for 20 Federal airports and compliance has been regularly monitored
  • administered the regulatory provisions governing on-airport environment standards of Federal airports through contracted AEOs. These services satisfied Departmental quality standards
  • amended the Airline Ownership Provisions of the Airport Act 1996. A range of amendments were made to clarify the Airport Ownership (Interest in Shares) Regulations to assist consortia to make bids without compromising Commonwealth ownership regulations
  • implemented the Air Navigation (Essendon Airport) Amendment Regulations 2002.

Achieved—Explosive Area Regulations and Explosives Regulations

The Explosive Area Regulations and Explosives Regulations were repealed and the Explosives Transport Regulations 2002 were introduced during the year to give legal force to the Australian Code for the Transport of Explosives by Road and Rail, second edition, in Commonwealth legislation. The Code was jointly developed by all States and Territories and the Commonwealth to regulate explosives transport operations. (The Department of Defence manages the day to day regulation of the transport of explosives).

Achieved—Disability Standards for Accessible Public Transport

Consultation with the State and Territory Governments, transport industries and the disability sector was undertaken to provide technical advice to the Attorney-Generals Department in relation to finalisation of the draft Disability Standards for Accessible Public Transport. The standards are to be tabled under the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 shortly.

Achieved—Implementation of the Registered Automotive Workshop Scheme and the Specialist and Enthusiast Vehicle Scheme

The Motor Vehicle Standards Amendment Regulations 2001 and Determinations, which together set down the requirements associated with the Registered Automotive Workshop Scheme for importing and modifying used imported vehicles under the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989, commenced on 1 April 2002. The Amendment Regulations also detail the eligibility criteria to allow a vehicle to be listed on the Register of Specialist and Enthusiast Vehicles and the process for review of a decision.

Substantially Achieved—Vehicle imports and approvals to place an identification plate

A total of 15,865 vehicle import approvals covering 55,163 vehicles was issued in 200102. Eighty-six per cent of import approvals were issued within the 17-day service charter standard.

The Department issued 3,241 identification plate approvals during 200102. A total of 81,339 incoming and outgoing telephone calls relating to vehicle imports was handled during the year.

Our Client Service Line received three formal complaints and eleven written compliments.

Partially Achieved—Review of Australian Design Rules

The Australian Design Rule (ADR) for Passenger Car Braking was gazetted in 2001.

The review of 23 ADRs has been completed in the report period together with the preparation of associated Regulation Impact Statements including the receipt of public comment.

Eight review proposals are stalled until resolution of in-service and after-market regulatory issues raised by State and Territory Governments. There are 14 ADRs where work has yet to commence.

Achieved—Audits of test and production facilities

We conducted 50 overseas conformity of production assessments and test facility inspections with 15 attended by Departmental staff.

We also conducted 27 local conformity of production assessments and test facility inspections.

Departmental staff underwent training courses in preparation for supervising testing to UN ECE regulations.

Achieved—United Nations Economic Commission of Europe 1958 Agreement

The Department attended three United Nations Economic Commission Europe (UN ECE) meetings of Working Party 29 and two meetings of the Passive Safety Expert Group (GRSP). It chaired three UN ECE meetings of the International Harmonised Research Activities (IHRA) Side Impact Working Group and attended three meetings of the IHRA Compatibility Working Group.

The Department also published four papers detailing the results of our research work: Australian Research to Develop a Vehicle Compatibility Test (two papers), A Comparison of Side Impact Dummy Responses Based on Heidelberg Sled Results, and Model Development of CRABI-6 Crash-Test Dummies for Side Impact Simulations.


The Department administered one grant to Monash University Accident Research Centre to assist with a research programme investigating the suitability of the current side impact dummies to evaluate injuries for occupants seated on the non-struck side of a vehicle in a lateral collision.

Partially Achieved—Research

Work was progressed on the following five major areas of research:

  • vehicle compatibility in front crashes
  • development of a harmonised dynamic side impact standard
  • protection of children in side impact crashes
  • deformation behaviour of aluminium honeycomb
  • protection of pedestrians when struck by a vehicle.

Achieved—Interstate Road Transport Act 1985

The Interstate Road Transport Act 1985 and the Interstate Road Transport Regulations 1986 were amended during the year to harmonise with the Criminal Code Act 1995 and to implement nationally agreed heavy vehicle charges.

Achieved—Licence and permit requirements of Part VI of the Navigation Act 1912

To ensure shippers have access to coastal shipping services, the Department issued coasting trade permits and licences in accordance with legislative requirements and Ministerial guidelines. During 200102, the Department issued:

  • 642 single voyage permits
  • 116 continuing voyage permits
  • 52 licences.

During 200102, some 12 million tonnes of cargo were carried under single and continuing voyage permits. All permits and licences were processed within performance standards set by the Regulations of the Navigation Act 1912.

Achieved—Part X of the Trade Practices Act 1974

The Department promoted conditions in international liner cargo shipping that encouraged stable access to markets through shipping services of adequate frequency and reliability at internationally competitive freight rates for shippers in all States and Territories.

The Registrar of Liner Shipping functioned in accordance with the legal requirements. Agreements were registered within the 14-day standard in all cases. The Department registered:

  • 16 new conference agreements (including nine new agreements relating to inwards liner cargo shipping)
  • 16 variations of existing agreements (including seven relating to inwards liner cargo shipping)
  • a Part X agent for one shipping line.

Advice was provided to industry as requested on the requirements of Part X.

The Department implemented procedures to improve negotiation arrangements aimed at achieving commercially acceptable solutions to problems between shipping conferences and exporters and importers.

An authorised officer participated in two seminars held by the shipping industry to educate industry personnel about the Part X regime. This officer also attended 11 negotiations between shipper bodies and members of shipping conferences, at which issues concerning freight rates, terminal handling charges, currency and bunker surcharges, and tariffs in United States dollars were negotiated.

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1.3 : Safety Services

Output Performance indicators
1.3 Safety Services Quality: Publications to increase and improve stakeholder knowledge of transport safety, and to contribute to policies, strategies and action plans.

Stakeholder acceptance of safety messages, including consideration and implementation of recommendations, safety advisory notices and other safety actions.

Publications are in accordance with Departmental standards.

ATSB ensures that recipients of funding meet terms and conditions of funding.

Administration of Road Safety Black Spot Programme in accordance with legislation, Government policy, and Departmental standards.
Results based on performance indicators

Substantially Achieved—Australian Transport Safety Bureau

In addition to its accident investigation role, the ATSB within the Department is primarily responsible for the publication of material that improves the safety of transport in Australia.

The ATSB has improved stakeholder knowledge of transport safety through its publications, most of which are available on the Australian Transport Safety Bureau's (ATSB) website www.atsb.gov.au In 200102 publications included:

  • air, marine and rail safety investigation reports, recommendations and safety advisory notices
  • Flight Safety Supplements for the Civil Aviation Safety Authoritys Flight Safety magazine
  • road safety research reports, statistical bulletins and issue reports
  • road safety educational material
  • rail safety data and issue reports
  • the Bureaus Annual Review 2001.

The Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA) and the aviation industry have generally accepted recommendations appearing in the ATSBs air safety investigation reports. State rail regulatory authorities and the rail industry have favourably received the ATSBs rail investigation reports. Road safety research and statistical publications continue to be cited in major policy, strategy and information reports. ATSB road safety educational material is widely used by community groups, driving schools, police, drug and alcohol centres, and State road safety authorities.

All publications were prepared in accordance with Departmental standards.

ATSB contributed to stakeholder acceptance of safety messages through a number of means including:

  • issuing Safety Recommendations and Safety Advisory Notices (CASA responded to all recommendations except those on the Avgas contamination issue which is subject to a Parliamentary Inquiry)
  • assisting at two Standing Committee on Transport (SCOT) meetings and two Rail Group meetings, and providing relevant briefing within required timeframes for these meetings
  • chairing two road safety panel meetings and a related Indigenous Road Safety Working Group, and submitting two progress reports on the National Road Safety Strategy and Action Plan to SCOT and ATC
  • chairing or advising at six Austroads meetings
  • chairing the Marine Accident Investigators International Forum annual meeting in Pusan, Korea
  • attending the IMO Flag State Sub-committee meeting in London and participating in the working group on casualty analysis
  • conducting the IMOs marine accident investigators training course in Hong Kong
  • contributing to investigations of international transport incidents and accidents
  • providing responses to requests for information, Freedom of Information requests, subpoenas and writs
  • providing expert advice and evidence at three inquests
  • delivering presentations to industry and conferences
  • delivering training programmes such as those on human factors and on helicopter and marine safety.

Administration of the Black Spot Programme has been in accordance with the Australian Land Transport Development Act 1988 and the programmes Notes on Administration. In response to the Governments commitment to extending the programme beyond June 2002, the Notes on Administration, including reporting procedures, have been reviewed in consultation with the States.

A comprehensive evaluation of the Black Spot Programme by the Department released in August 2001 concluded that the programme has been highly successful, returning an average $14 in benefit for every $1 invested. In its first three years the programme is estimated to have prevented 32 fatal crashes and more than 1,500 serious crashes.

The Black Spot Programme was due to expire on 30 June 2002. However, in light of the good outcomes for road safety since its introduction in 1996, the Government decided to extend the National Black Spot Programme until 30 June 2006.

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1.4 : Services to Industry

Output Performance indicators
1.4 Services to Industry Quality: Department ensures that funding recipients meet terms and conditions of funding.

Administration of programmes in accordance with legislation, government policy, and Departmental standards.

Department ensures that industry interests are understood and represented in international forums and discussions.

Level of industry support for the Department's trade facilitation and liberalisation activities and for industry development activities designed to improve Australia's trade performance.

Revenue collected and reported upon in an effective manner in accordance with legislation and Departmental standards.
Results based on performance indicators

Achieved—Services to industry

The Department was represented at two Asia and Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Transportation Working Group (TPT-WG) meetings, the third Transport Ministerial Meeting and management of a number of APEC projects. The Department also participated in TPT-WG activities advanced Australias transport and logistics industry interests. Australian industry participated in the official delegations and provided input to the scoping of project terms of reference. Australian consultants were engaged on a number of the projects.

We developed the agenda and focus of the first Australia-China Joint Working Group for Transport meeting in China with significant industry consultation. Eighteen industry representatives participated in the meeting, and were positive in their feedback on the opportunities provided.

We also participated in the annual Technical and Administrative Cooperation in Transport (TACT) meeting between the Department and New Zealands Ministry of Transport and supported advancements in Closer Economic Relations (CER) transport policy and industry opportunities.

We completed the on-line Association of South East Asian Nations Australia New Zealand Closer Economic Relations (ASEAN-ANZ CER) Mekong Freight Logistics Report, which was developed in consultation with freight logistics industries and international Governments.

The Department has monitored and ensured terms and conditions have been met by recipients of funding for ongoing rail infrastructure projects funded under the Centenary of Federation fund. These include: the Alice Springs to Darwin railway and tourism operations; the Abt Railway; and Beaudesert Railway, in accordance with applicable legislation, Government policy and Departmental standards.

Achieved—Revenue collection

Air Passenger Ticket Levy
The Air Passenger Ticket Levy was introduced from 1 October 2001 to fund the costs of the Special Employee Entitlement Scheme (SEESA) for former employees of the companies in the Ansett Group. Appropriate administrative procedures were established to ensure revenue is collected effectively and in accordance with the Air Passenger Ticket Levy (Imposition) Act 2001 and the Air Passenger Ticket Levy (Collection) Act 2001. The liability to collect and remit the levy to the Commonwealth rests with the ticketing airline. Levy receipts to 30 June 2002 were $98 million.

Stevedoring Industry Levy
During 200102, 129 transactions were undertaken in relation to the Stevedoring Industry Levy with a total of $31.3 million collected.

Aircraft Noise Levy
In 200102, $35.9 million was invoiced for the Aircraft Noise Levy at Sydney Airport while $5.6 million was invoiced for Adelaide Airport. Total levy receipts collected and paid to the Department was $41.1 million.

Federal Interstate Registration Scheme
Registration revenue of $31.3 million was collected under the Federal Interstate Registration Scheme, which is managed by the States and Territories on behalf of the Commonwealth. This was returned to the States and Territories under the agreed formula.

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1.5 : Services to Communities

Output Performance indicators
1.5 Services to Communities Quality: Department ensures that funding recipients meet terms and conditions of funding.

Administration of programmes in accordance with legislation, Government policy, and Departmental standards.
Results based on performance indicators


We administered the Location-Specific Pricing subsidy in accordance with the terms of the Letter of Agreement between the Department and Airservices Australia, disbursing $7 million to Airservices Australia in 200102. The subsidy ensures air traffic control tower charges are maintained at a reasonable cost to users. In 200102, charges remained capped at Albury, Archerfield, Bankstown, Camden, Coffs Harbour, Essendon, Jandakot, Launceston, Mackay, Maroochydore, Moorabbin, Parafield, Rockhampton and Tamworth.

The Department also monitored the progress of the environmental remediation programme and settlement of all other outstanding issues of Australian National Railways Commission (AN). We also provided effective and efficient administration of aviation programmes and subsidies for communities, including the Remote Air Services Subsidy (RASS) scheme.

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1.6 : Research and Data

Output Performance indicators
1.6 Research and Data Quality: Research and analysis activities contribute to policy development and programme delivery.

Research and analysis activities in accordance with Departmental and appropriate peer and academic research standards.

Research and analysis outputs increase and improve stakeholder knowledge.
Results based on performance indicators


The Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics released a number of analyses covering safer, more efficient, internationally competitive and sustainable transport systems, including:

  • Logistics in AustraliaA Preliminary Analysis (WP49), which analysed the extent to which logistics is an integrated industry and its economic significance to Australia. The working paper was a key input to the Freight Logistics Industry Action Agenda released in May 2002.
  • Greenhouse Policy Options for Transport (Report 105), reviews greenhouse options for the transport sector in terms of their environmental, fiscal and economic impact, drawing on overseas and local impact and, in particular, the road transport sector. It was one of nine transport measures to be delivered by the Australian Transport Council as part of the National Greenhouse Strategy.
  • Fuel Consumption by New Passenger Vehicles in Australia (Information Sheet 18) establishes the trends in fuel consumption by different classes of new cars in Australia. The research shows that the potential reductions in fuel consumption made possible by technological advances are not being fully realised because the fastest growing class of new vehicles, 4-wheel drive vehicles, is not included in the National Average Fuel Consumption Convention. This finding has implications for transport and environment policy development.

The Bureau also produces several monthly and quarterly data publications, including the quarterly Waterline and Transport Indicators, on the activity and expenditure in all transport modes including international and domestic aviation movements and freight data, to assist government and industry to make more informed decisions about transport options. Since 1 January 2002, the BTRE has also taken responsibility for the aviation statistics (AvStats) function.

The Bureau invites comment from stakeholders on all its publicationsin particular, on whether the analysis is logical, thorough and comprehensive and whether the report is an important reference. While the response rate is statistically small, the feedback is extremely positive.

As previously noted, the ATSB also funds and manages a research and statistics programme, which produced a range of transport safety reports in 200102; the reports can be found at the Australian Transport Safety Bureau's (ATSB) website, www.atsb.gov.au.

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