Australia's State Aviation Safety Programme
2. State safety risk management
2.2 Safety management system obligations
Australia has introduced the requirement for the implementation of SMS in certain sectors of the aviation industry. CASA has introduced the requirement for the following civil aviation service providers to implement SMS:
- Air Operators—Civil Aviation Orders (CAO) 82.3 and CAO 82.5 require both high capacity and low capacity RPT operators to establish and maintain appropriate operations with a sound and effective management structure that uses an SMS approved by CASA.
- Air Traffic Service Providers—CASR Part 172 provides that an air traffic service provider must have, and put into effect, an SMS that includes the policies, procedures, and practices necessary to provide the air traffic services covered by its approval safely.
- Aerodromes—CASR Subpart 139.B requires that certified aerodromes must have an SMS consistent with the requirements in the Manual of Standards and guidance provided in Airworthiness Circular 139–16 (1).
- Aerodrome Rescue and Fire Fighting Services (ARFFS)—CASR Subpart 139.H provides that the ARFFS provider must have an SMS consistent with the requirements in the Manual of Standards, including the policies, procedures and practices necessary to provide the service safely.
- Maintenance providers—CASR Subpart 145.A includes a requirement that covers maintenance service providers having safety management and quality assurance systems.
- Aeronautical telecommunication and radionavigation service providers – CASR Subpart 171.C requires service providers to have SMS processes in place to assess the safety implications and safety hazards involved in their operations, and to determine the action necessary to reduce the risks of those hazards to acceptable levels.
- Flight training organisations—Although flight training organisations conducting other than integrated training courses are not required to develop a SMS, CASA recommends that operators adopt and implement a SMS.
- Integrated and multi-crew pilot flight training, contracted recurrent training and contracted checking—The relevant requirements for SMS in these organisations are specified in CASR Subpart 142.G.
- Instrument flight procedure design—CASR Subpart 173.B requires certified flight procedure designers to have a SMS in accordance with the standards set out in the Manual of Standards.
These requirements recognise the relevant ICAO SARPs outlined in ICAO Annex 19, Safety Management, and the safety benefits to be gained by the effective establishment by industry of an SMS. Where appropriate this requirement will be extended to additional sections of the industry.
CASA provides a range of support for the implementation of a SMS and continues to develop and review the guidance material to assist industry with their SMS.
More information on Australia's adoption of SMS can be found on CASA's website.
Links to more information about requirements for civil aviation service providers SMS implementation is at Appendix F.
Service providers’ safety performance
An important element of a mature system of safety management oversight is agreement between the safety regulator and service providers on the key performance indicators and expected level of performance to be achieved. In the Australian safety regulatory system this level of performance is in part judged by how the service provider delivers against its SMS, therefore oversight of a SMS is included in CASA's audit programme for the operators who are mandated to have a SMS.