Australia's Air Services Agreements/Arrangements

Australia currently has air services agreements/arrangements with more than 100 countries/economies.

Airlines operating international air services do so within capacity entitlements contained in air services arrangements. The Register of Available Capacity sets out capacity available to Australian carriers. The capacity available to foreign carriers and its uptake during the most recent scheduling season is set out in the Growth Potential for Foreign Airlines PDF: 296 KB table.

To see a list of airlines and the services that are operating under Australia's air services agreements/arrangements, visit the International Airlines Timetable Summary page.

The information below is a summary only and should not be relied on to make commercial decisions. The Department has established a data room containing comprehensive information on Australia's bilateral rights and entitlements to assist applicants in developing applications for available capacity. Find out more about the data room.

Air services arrangements are usually comprised of a treaty level Air Services Agreement supplemented by arrangements of less than treaty status between aeronautical authorities, such as Memorandums of Understanding and/or exchanges of letters. It is Australian Government practice to publish all treaty-level agreements. However, arrangements of less than treaty status are generally not published as they are traditionally regarded as being confidential between aeronautical authorities.

The links to treaties included below link to the Treaties Database maintained by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. It should be noted that the Treaties Database includes Australian treaties currently in force. Any amendments subsequently negotiated and given operational effect by aeronautical authorities through arrangements of less than treaty status will not be included in the Treaties Database. Similarly, any new treaties negotiated and given operational effect by aeronautical authorities through arrangements of less than treaty status but not yet signed will not be included in the Treaties Database.

Australia's air services agreements/arrangements

No.Country/EconomySignedStatusTreaty text
1 Argentina 11 March 1992 Operational effect
Supplemented by MoU of 1998 and 2005**
Link to treaty
2 Austria 22 March 1967 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2005, 2003, and 1999*
Link to treaty
3 Azerbaijan Initialled 6 December 2017 Operational effect Undergoing treaty process
4 Bahamas 7 December 2017 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
5 Bahrain 29 April 1995 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2003*
Link to treaty
6 Bangladesh Initialled 15 August 2008 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
7 Belarus 31 May 2013 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
8 Belgium 23 November 2012 Operational effect Link to treaty
9 Botswana 20 November 2014 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
10 Brazil 21 April 2010 Operational effect Link to treaty
11 Brunei Darussalam 30 April 1992 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2007*
Link to treaty
12 Burma 23 September 1976 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2015***
Link to treaty
13 Cambodia Initialled 19 May 2014 Operational effect ** Undergoing treaty process
14 Canada 5 July 1988 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2000 and 2015*
Link to treaty
15 Chile 7 September 2001 In force Link to treaty
16 China 23 March 2004 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2016*
Link to treaty
17 Colombia Initialled 27 June 2017 Not in effect, supplemented by MoU Undergoing treaty process
18 Cook Islands 18 September 2001 In force Link to treaty
19 Cote d'Ivoire Initialled 23 October 2015 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
20 Croatia 4 September 2013 Operational effect Link to treaty
21 Curaçao (Netherlands) 18 November 2014 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
22 Cyprus Initialled 6 June 2017 Operational effect, supplemented by MoU Undergoing treaty process
23 Czech Republic 23 September 2010 In force Link to treaty
24 Denmark Initialled 16 October 1998 Operational effect**
Supplemented by ROD of 2011*
Undergoing treaty process
25 Ecuador 30 September 2014 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
26 Egypt 10 March 1997 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2012*
Link to treaty
27 Ethiopia 29 July 2013 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
28 Fiji 24 March 1982 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 1999**
Link to treaty
29 Finland Initialled 15 June 1999 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
30 former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 16 May 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
31 France
(treaty includes French Polynesia and New Caledonia)
13 April 1965 In force
Supplemented by MoUs of 2012, 2011 and 1996*
Link to treaty
32 French Polynesia 31 January 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
33 Germany 22 May 1957 In force
Supplemented by MoUs of 1998 and 1996*
Link to treaty
34 Ghana 11 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
35 Greece 10 June 1971 In force
Supplemented by MoU and RoD of 2017**
Link to treaty
36 Hong Kong, China 15 September 1993 In force Link to treaty
37 Hungary 23 September 2016 In force Link to treaty
38 Iceland 21 October 2011 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
39 India 6 March 2006 In force Link to treaty
40 Indonesia 7 February 2013 In force Link to treaty
41 Ireland 26 November 1957 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2005*
Link to treaty
42 Israel 23 February 2017 In force Link to treaty
43 Italy 10 November 1960 Agreed Minutes of 2017** Link to treaty
44 Japan 19 January 1956 In force
Supplemented by various instruments including RoD of 2011*
Link to treaty
45 Jordan Initialled 10 December 2012 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
46 Kazakhstan 7 December 2017 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
47 Kenya 24 May 2012 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
48 Kiribati Initialled 27 June 2017 Operational effect, supplemented by MoU Undergoing treaty process
49 Korea, Republic of 26 February 1992 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2007*
Link to treaty
50 Kuwait 22 October 2015 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
51 Laos 4 July 2015 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
52 Lebanon 11 March 1997 In force Link to treaty
53 Luxembourg Initialled 27 April 1999 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
54 Macau, China 24 August 1999 In force Link to treaty
55 Malaysia 4 October 1972 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2008*
Link to treaty
56 Malta 11 September 1996 In force
Supplemented by instruments of less than treaty status of 2003
Link to treaty
57 Mauritius 4 February 2016 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
58 Mexico 9 April 2010 In force Link to treaty
59 Mongolia 20 March 2015 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
60 Morocco Initialled 7 December 2017 Operational effect Undergoing treaty process
61 Namibia 7 December 2017 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
62 Nauru 17 September 1969 In force
Supplemented by various instruments*
Link to treaty
63 Netherlands 25 September 1951 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 1997*
Link to treaty
64 New Caledonia 20 November 2013 Instrument of less than treaty status* N/A
65 New Zealand 8 August 2002 In force Link to treaty
66 Nigeria Initialled 23 October 2015 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
67 Niue Initialled 25 June 1999 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
68 Norway Initialled 16 October 1998 Operational effect**
Supplemented by ROD of 2011*
Undergoing treaty process
69 Oman Initialled 6 April 2011 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
70 Pakistan Initialled 2 August 2007 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
71 Palau 2 May 2012 Operational effect Link to treaty
72 Papua New Guinea 8 December 1980 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2011 and 2010**
Link to treaty
73 Paraguay 11 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
74 Peru 24 May 2017 Operational effect Undergoing treaty process
75 Philippines 24 October 2012 In force
Supplemented by MOU of 2015*
Link to treaty
76 Poland 28 April 2004 In force Link to treaty
77 Qatar 17 November 2016 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
78 Romania 3 April 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
79 Russian Federation 11 July 1994 In force Link to treaty
80 Saudi Arabia  27 April 2017 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process
81 Samoa 11 August 2000 In force Link to treaty
82 Serbia 14 May 2013 In force Link to treaty
83 Seychelles Initialled 5 December 2017 Operational effect Undergoing treaty process
84 Singapore 3 November 1967 In force
Supplemented by CMU of 2003*
Link to treaty
85 Solomon Islands 21 August 2012 Operational effect Link to treaty
86 South Africa 18 July 1995 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2015**
Link to treaty
87 Spain 24 June 2009 In force Link to treaty
88 Sri Lanka 3 May 2012 In force Link to treaty
89 Sudan 8 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
90 Sweden Initialled 16 October 1998 Operational effect**
Supplemented by RoD of 2011*
Undergoing treaty process
91 Switzerland 28 November 2008 In force Link to treaty
92 Thailand 26 February 1960 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2012**
Link to treaty
93 Timor-Leste 26 May 2017 Operational effect Undergoing treaty process
94 Tonga 23 August 2003 In force Link to treaty
95 Turkey 28 April 2010 In force Link to treaty
96 Uganda 19 November 2014 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
97 United Arab Emirates 8 September 2002 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2015*
Link to treaty
98 United Kingdom 10 July 2008 In force Link to treaty
99 United States of America 31 March 2008 In force Link to treaty
100 Uruguay 11 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
101 Vanuatu 2 July 2013 In force Link to treaty
102 Vietnam 31 July 1995 In force
Supplemented by MoU of 2012*
Link to treaty
103 Yemen 10 December 2012 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
104 Zambia 21 October 2011 Instrument of less than treaty status N/A
105 Zimbabwe Initialled 5 May 1998 Operational effect** Undergoing treaty process

* Contains amendments subsequently negotiated and given operational effect on a non-legally binding basis by aeronautical authorities through arrangements of less than treaty status, but not yet brought into force and hence not yet included in the Treaties Database.

** A new or replacement treaty given operational effect on a non-legally binding basis by aeronautical authorities through arrangements of less than treaty status, but not yet brought into force and hence not yet included in the Treaties Database.

MoU – Memorandum of Understanding
RoD – Record of Discussion
CMU – Confidential Memorandum of Understanding

DISCLAIMER
The attached documents are internal working documents of the Department of Infrastructure, Regional Development and Cities generated for the purpose of in-house use. This document may only be used as a guide to rights granted, and services operated, under Australia's bilateral air services agreements and arrangements. Rights and capacity negotiated under Australia's bilateral air services agreement and arrangements are reviewed constantly and airlines frequently change their operations. Due to the summary nature of details in this document the Commonwealth accepts no responsibility for the accuracy or currency of the information provided. There should be no expectation that the rights, timetable summary and capacity information provided is authoritative or may be relied on and persons should rely on their own inquiries.

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Last Updated: 26 February, 2018